This approach was limited by its narrow conceptual framework--an either/or choice between diffusionism
retired) examines methods and theory in anthropology with more depth than traditional graduate textbooks, providing students with a distinctly philosophical approach to such topics as functionalism, structuralism, diffusionism
, marriage and broad concepts of human nature.
These discourses operate within the globally sanctioned ideology of what James Blaut would call European diffusionism
, namely the idea that "the economic and social modernization of Europe is fundamentally a result of Europe's internal qualities, not of interaction with the societies of Africa, Asia, and America after 1492" (1993: 2).
In fact, Claude Levi-Strauss is trying to strip ethnology, or social and cultural anthropology, of the ambiguous relations it maintains, by his account, with history through evolutionism, diffusionism
, and functionalism (Levi-Strauss 1958: 9-39).
Qualitative research methodologies are usually applied within a domestication approach, while other approaches such as diffusionism
tend to prefer quantitative methods (e.
Blaut, The Colonizer's Model of the World: Geographical Diffusionism
and and Eurocentric History (New York 1993); Andre Gunter Frank, Re-Orient: Global Economy in the Asian Age (Berkeley, 1998) for spirited attacks on Eurocentric perspectives.
Rome, which benefited from Greek cultural diffusionism
, was hardly representative of Europe at that time.
10) proposes diffusionism
as the `supertheory' to explain the nature of Eurocentrism incorporated in smaller theories of history, geography, psychology, sociology and philosophy.
Blaut has called eurocentric diffusionism
, that is, a system of ideas based on the assumption that the world has an Inside and an Outside, and that world history is basically the history of the Inside.