Death and immortality
, articles of Hume, Russell, Flew, Plato, and Olen Hick, Translated by Sayyed Mohsen Zadeh, second edition.
The paper is rigorously researched and organized by numerated sections, looking at death and immortality among Elves and among Men separately, and across five different stages:
Alberto Ladavas's "The Wrong Path of the Sub-creator: from the Fall to the Machine and the Escape from Mortality" considers the Numenoreans and the Ringwraiths specifically, two excellent case studies for analyzing themes of death and immortality.
All are argued to be negative in some way--whether through sadness, misery, or downright evil--altogether amounting to the conclusion, explicit in the title, that death and immortality have no substitutes.
If we are left with the requirement that persons are necessarily embodied, then a second option for thinking about death and immortality opens up to us: reincarnation.
This view of death and immortality is far more interesting and plausible than the previous view of metaphysical dualism.
Such modified views of reincarnation may be entertaining, but they are hardly satisfying as constructive ways to think about death and immortality.