cytotoxic T cell

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  • noun

Synonyms for cytotoxic T cell

T cell with CD8 receptor that recognizes antigens on the surface of a virus-infected cell and binds to the infected cell and kill it

References in periodicals archive ?
The clinical presentation of FHL includes primarily fever, hepatomegaly, and cytopenia, which are the results of functional degradation in cytotoxic T-lymphocytes and natural killer (NK)-cells, activation of macrophages and T-lymphocytes, excessive production of proinflammatory cytokines, and hemophagocytosis (1-3).
As with survivin overexpression (5-7), livin overexpression by cancer cells may lead to anti-livin antibody responses and cytotoxic T-lymphocyte responses against the cancer.
T cells, secretory immunoglobulin A (S-IgA), and antigen-specific cytotoxic T-lymphocytes (CTLs).
For this reason, many researchers are trying to create vaccines that stimulate cytotoxic T-lymphocytes (CTLs), immune-system cells that kill virus-infected cells in the body.
Cell-mediated immunity is an immune response that does not involve antibodies but rather involves the activation of macrophages, natural killer cells (NK), antigen-specific cytotoxic T-lymphocytes, and the release of various cytokines in response to an antigen.
Plasmacytoid dendritic cells when stimulated produce large amounts of chemical messengers, such as interferon-alpha, that promote a Th-1 response, resulting in production of cytotoxic T-lymphocytes that can directly attack foreign agents.
Recently, her research group studied how TCDD affects a mouse's production of cytotoxic T-lymphocytes, which destroy cells infected with viral invaders.
More importantly, the two peptides were found to be readily recognized by cytotoxic T-lymphocytes derived from mice expressing the human HLA-B*0702 proteins demonstrating that consistently presented peptides derived from intracellular proteins are recognized by the mammalian immune system.