cytotoxic T cell

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Related to Cytotoxic T cells: Helper T cells
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Synonyms for cytotoxic T cell

T cell with CD8 receptor that recognizes antigens on the surface of a virus-infected cell and binds to the infected cell and kill it

References in periodicals archive ?
The cytotoxic T cells serve as the acquired arm of the immune system, providing a more thorough second line of defense and "memory" by responding vigorously if the same infected cell or tumor surfaces again in the organism.
They argued that before cytotoxic T cells kill an infected cell, they recognize both a piece of virus and an MHC protein characteristic of the animal.
IL-21 has potent biological activity in regulating key classes of immune cells, including cytotoxic T cells and natural killer cells.
IL-21, a protein discovered through ZymoGenetics' genomic research efforts, stimulates the proliferation and activation of natural killer cells and cytotoxic T cells, cell types involved in the destruction of cancerous and infected cells.
IDM elected to exercice its option to license a selection of epitopes based on the results of its preclinical studies designed to evaluate the stimulation of specific cytotoxic T cells (CTL's) using peptide loaded dendritic cells.
Class I Tetramers, which are primarily used for vaccine development, accurately measure CD8 cytotoxic T cells and have been marketed primarily to biopharmaceutical
In this preclinical study, human NK cells and cytotoxic T cells were treated in vitro with interferon-alpha, with or without Ceplene.
The data, published in the December issue of Nature Biotechnology, highlights a method for modifying targets on cancer cells called antigens to facilitate activation of cytotoxic T cells -- a key component of the immune system responsible for destroying cancerous cells.
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