cytokine

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  • noun

Words related to cytokine

any of various protein molecules secreted by cells of the immune system that serve to regulate the immune system

References in periodicals archive ?
In an article for Scientific American Mind, German neuropsychology professor Erich Kasten outlines evidence that link depression and other psychiatric conditions with pro-inflammatory cytokines.
For MDD and schizophrenia, two other cytokines were significantly elevated in the meta-analysis: SIL-2R, a cytokine receptor associated with T-cell activation; and IL-1 beta, a cytokine produced by activated macrophages (P less than .
While cytokines are necessary for herding cells to the body's battlegrounds to fight infection, disease and trauma, sustained high levels of cytokines are associated with poorer health and such disorders as type-2 diabetes, heart disease, arthritis and even Alzheimer's disease and clinical depression.
In addition, inflammatory cytokines began to accumulate in the lungs, leading to a cytokine storm that causes significant damage to the tissue.
If too many cytokines are released, SOCS proteins suppress the activity of the cytokines to prevent unwanted inflammation and tissue damage.
In the liver, endotoxin interacts primarily with Kupffer cells, and this interaction is considered crucial to the secretion of TNF-[alpha], which then interacts with receptors on both Kupffer cells and hepatocytes, leading to the production of other inflammatory cytokines, such as IL-1, IL-6, and IL-8.
James Richardson, professor of molecular biology and pathology and a study author, suggests the discovery that twist down-regulates certain cytokine pathways is important, as cytokines are also involved in chronic inflammatory diseases such as arthritis and asthma, and have been implicated in neuro-degenerative diseases.
Over the last decade, cytokines have become a hot area of interest in the search for alternatives to antibiotics and other drug therapies for our food animals, says ARS immunologist Joan K.
Ricerca Biosciences, an integrated preclinical pharmaceutical contract research organization (CRO), today announced the introduction of two new state-of-the-art cellular assay services: Early Safety Screening Cytotoxicity and ImmunoSIGNAL Cytokine Storm Cellular Assay.
Cytokines are low molecular weight glycoproteins produced by immune as well as non-immune cells which act as molecular signals for communication between cells of the immune system.
Biopharmaceutical company Immunomedics Inc (Nasdaq:IMMU) revealed on Tuesday the receipt of the US Patent 8,034,352, "Tetrameric cytokines with improved biological activity.
It is clear that inflammatory cytokines constitute a key link between periodontal disease and systemic disease.
Researchers also noted that asthma increases proinflammatory cytokines and therefore may play a role in the development of coronary artery disease.
Objectives: To determine the levels and possible role of pro-inflammatory cytokines TNFa, IL-1 and IL-6 in children with clinical protein energy malnutrition (kwashiorkor, marasmic kwashiorkor or marasmus) alone and in combination with malaria in Western Kenya.
An important role which predetermines future development of the placenta is played by a number of immunological factors including cytokines, growth factors, etc.
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