cytochrome

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Related to Cytochromes: cytochrome oxidase, ferredoxin, Cytochrome P450, Electron transport chain
  • noun

Words related to cytochrome

(biochemistry) a class of hemoprotein whose principal biological function is electron transfer (especially in cellular respiration)

References in periodicals archive ?
This porphyria is induced by the inhibition of ferrochelatase probably caused by a griseofulvin adduct of protoporphyrin IX produced in a cytochrome P450 (Cyp)-mediated suicide reaction (Bellingham et al.
Even once all the cytochrome crystal structures are available, there will be a need to improve existing models further based on the new insights which solved structures will contribute," said Professor David Lewis, Professor of Structural Biology, University of Surrey (UK).
The oxidase activity toward fenthion was exhibited by cytochrome P450 and flavin-containing monooxygenase.
Structure and promoter analysis of the cytochrome P450 aromatase gene of the teleost fish, medaka (Oryzias latipes).
Conclusions* The data indicate no or minor potential for herb-drug interactions by interference with cytochromes P450 by any of the three mistletoe extracts.
CAMBRIDGE, April 24 /PRNewswire/ -- Astex Therapeutics today announced that it has granted a non-exclusive, worldwide license to its cytochrome P450 intellectual property to GlaxoSmithKline.
In particular, the enzyme cytochrome P450 2E1 (CYP2E1) plays a role in creating a harmful condition known as oxidative stress.
The CYP3A isoenzymes constitute the largest portion of cytochrome P450 protein in the liver and small intestine (1-3).
KEY WORDS: Abuse, and dependence; alcoholic liver disease; alcoholic fatty liver; ethanol metabolism; ethanol metabolite; cultured cells; recombinant cell lines; hepatocyte; alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH); acetaldehyde; cytochrome P450 2E1
Cytochromes P450 are among the most significant proteins involved in the body's break-down of drug products and are widely used in pharmaceutical industry research and development.
Cytochromes P450 (CYP450) are the most significant group of drug- metabolising enzymes in humans and CYP450s 2C9 and 3A4 are generally regarded as among the most important members of this group.
An increase in the levels of different cytochromes with Tinospora treatment was observed.
Induction of cytochromes P450 1A1 and 1B1 by emodin in human lung adenocarcinoma cell line CL5.