cynodont

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  • noun

Words related to cynodont

small carnivorous reptiles

References in periodicals archive ?
Non-mammalian synapsids (therapsids) are represented only by the large traversodontid cynodont Arctotraversodon plemmyridon (Hopson 1984; Sues et al.
Cynodontipus was originally considered the track of a hirsute cynodont (Ellenberger 1976), but is now known to represent a tetrapod burrow (unpublished work by PEO, Mohammed Et-Touhami, and Jessica Whiteside).
Lead author Dr Marcello Ruta of the University of Lincoln of the study, said that mass extinctions are seen as entirely negative but in this case, cynodont therapsids, which included a very small number of species before the extinction, really took off afterwards and was able to adapt to fill many very different niches in the Triassic - from carnivores to herbivores.
The scans showed cynodont brains to be simple and relatively small, with tiny olfactory bulbs.
In the tropical zone where the mammal-relative traversodont cynodonts lived, monsoon-like rains fell twice a year.
Their dentition became increasingly complex, and both therocephalians and cynodonts eventually developed a complete bony secondary palate (Kemp 1982).
Of all therapsids, the cynodonts acquired the most mammalian features, and the most advanced cynodonts ultimately gave rise to the first mammals (Hopson and Barghusen 1986; Rowe 1988).
Longitudinal turbinal ridges have long been noted on the inner surfaces of the nasal, frontal, and prefrontal bones of many cynodonts [Procynosuchus, Kemp 1979; Thrinaxodon (including "Nythosaurus"), Watson 1913; Fourie 1974; Diademodon, Watson 1913; Brink 1955, 1956; Exaeretodon, Bonaparte 1966; Luangwa, Kemp 1980; Oligokyphus, Kuhne 1956].
However, in several cynodonts, ridges occur in the anterolateral portion of the nasal cavity, which have not been described previously.
2011) argued for strong provinciality in the moist equatorial Pangaean region; there, traversodontid cynodonts are abundant, whereas remains of these therapsids are rare or absent and procolophonid reptiles are abundant in the Northern Hemisphere subtropics (as, for example, in the Evangeline Member of the Wolfville Formation).
Late Triassic traversodont cynodonts from Nova Scotia and southern Africa.
1996), followed by rare remains of the tritheledontid cynodont Pachygenelus cf.
The most common tetrapod fossils are teeth referable to small ornithischians and possible theropods, followed by bones and osteoderms of Protosuchus, and bones of cynodont therapsids including a tritylodontid dentary and limb bones.