urozonus have parasitic activity on gall insects mainly on Cynipidae
with a description of two new species from the Neotropics (Hymenoptera, Cynipidae
Mayrellinae Paramblynotus zonatus Weld CYNIPIDAE 1.
Material Material argentino Material extranjero Familias tipo coleccion general coleccion general Ibaliidae 0 8 4 Liopteridae 0 2 0 Cynipidae 10 128 20 Figitidae 165 889 488 Tabla II.
Review of the world genera of oak cynipid wasps (Hymenoptera: Cynipidae, Cynipini), pp.
American Gallflies of the family Cynipidae producing subterranean galls on oak.
Systematically the inquilines are either placed in a separate subfamily of Cynipidae (Hartig 1840; Ashmead 1896, 1903a; Burks 1979b), or included in the Aylacini (Roskam 1992), or lumped together with the gall inducers in a large group without subdivisions (Weld 1952; Eady and Quinlan 1963).
However, the characters that place figitoid inquilines in Cynipidae are either clearly symplesiomorphies, like the primitive segmentation of the adult metasoma (Weld 1952), or of dubious value, as exemplified by the "hypopygial spine" (Riek 1971).
The family Cynipidae is speciose, and phylogenetic relationships hardly have been studied at all (but see Kinsey 1920).
Description of some new genera in the family Cynipidae
Most species of the large and widespread parasitoid genus Eurytoma attack gall-forming Cynipidae
(Hymenoptera) and Diptera (Tephritidae and Cecidomyiidae) (DiGiulio 1997), and numerous other arthropod taxa and plants.
Euderus species have been reported as primary parasitoids of Lepidoptera, Coleoptera, and even some Hymenoptera, especially Cynipidae
(Schauff et al.
The eurytomids also occur as parasites in Cynipidae
, Pteromalidae, Eurytomidae, Tanaostigmatidae, and Agaonidae (Grisell & Schauff 1990; DiGiulio 1997), and members of the family Perilampidae are hyperparasitoids of Ichneumonidae (Darling 1997).