Growth form and habitat preference of the Cycadales
This is a rare feature in leaf anatomy and to our knowledge this is the first report of this characteristic in Cycadales.
Observations on ptyxis, phenology, and trichomes in the Cycadales and their systematic implications.
Beck, Wendy 1993 'Cycad use by Australian Aboriginal people' in DW Stevenson and KJ Norstog (eds), Proceedings of C YC A D 90, the Second International Conference on Cycad Biology: The biology, structure, and systematics of the Cycadales
, Palm & Cycad Societies of Australia Ltd, Milton, Qld, pp.
Key words: Cycadales
, Eumaeus, herbivory, Lepidoptera, Lycaenidae, Zamia encephalartoides, Zamiaceae.
The latter is the largest genus of the Zamiaceae, and the second largest in the order Cycadales
(Osborne et al.
This paper reports our findings of an anatomical study of some Encephalartos seeds and seedlings and also compares our results with those obtained by other workers who studied the embryology of members of the Cycadales
seed plants of Gnetales, Cycadales
, and Pinales; (2) floral scent
4] Curcumis melo [121, 261] Luffa acutangula  Momordica charantia  Trichosanthes kirilowii  CYCADALES
Cycadaceae Cycas rumphii  Zamiaceae Encephalartos altensteinii  Macrozamia moorei  Zamia furfuracea  Z.
(early Permian to Present) and the Bennettitales
are the most primitive order within gymnosperms with
latter species is very unusual in the Cycadales
, because there is an
, which is divided into three or four families (Johnson
An introduction to gymnosperms, cycads and the Cycadales