When pressure inside the cranial vault increases beyond the normal range, the heart has more difficulty delivering blood and its nutrients to the brain.
Since Lundberg's landmark 1960 publication, the ICP monitor has become the standard of care for monitoring pressure inside the cranial vault.
As for craniometry, Chris Stringer (Natural History Museum) has made extensive use of cranial vault
measurements in his research (see, for example, Stringer 1992), and comments (pers.
Syndromes of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone and cerebral salt wasting are associated with cranial vault reconstructive surgery (7-9).
She underwent cranial vault reshaping and posterior fossa decompression, with planned postoperative PICU admission.
Given the rarity with which severe iron-deficiency anaemia affects the cranial vault
, Webb cautiously advances a diagnosis of thalassaemia for this individual, early evidence for genetic adaptation to disease.
At surgery, there was a significant deformity of the cranial vault
at the level of the occiput and first and second cervical vertebrae.
Multiple fracture patterns probably serve a neuroprotective function, allowing greater dissipation of forces and resulting in the transmission of less residual energy to the cranial vault
," states principal author Yuan Cathy Hung, D.
In cases where the lesion breaches the cranial vault
, the extent of involvement usually remains extramural and is limited to the anterior cranial fossa.
It results from inadequate cerebrospinal fluid pressure to support the brain within the cranial vault
and causes the brain to sag into the skull base.
Radiographs of the medieval skulls also showed that our cranial vaults
have increased in size by more than a centimeter over the last 600 years.