Revealing the impact of local conditions on working-class militancy, the unresolved tension between the OBU'S industrial unionism and a more conservative craft unionism
translated into the limited extent of the strike.
Lacking close contact (or any contact) with the AFL and craft unionism
, these workers identified with their own factory or industry and eschewed divisions of gender and occupation.
In Denmark, in contrast, where craft unionism
remained quite strong, the labour movement was more often beset by splits among skilled, semi-skilled, and unskilled workers, and their respective organizations.
In these ways, companies in the welfare capitalist realm were instrumental in enlarging the economic, political, and social boundaries and legitimacy of capitalist production in the 1950s and 1960s -- boundaries that had been challenged by industrial and a revitalized craft unionism
in the 1930s and 1940s.
A notable example was the work of the AFL'S Amalgamated Meat Cutters (AMC) and the Chicago Federation of Labour (CFL) which, during the height of the Great Migration, realized the importance of moving beyond craft unionism
to embrace workers in mass production industries that were just beginning to gain prominence.
This movement, then (along with the more generalized socialist ferment in the World War I and Bolshevik Revolutionary years), can be largely credited for forcing a strategy that was to emerge initially after World War I and be entrenched in law after World War II--accommodation of the state and capital with craft unionism
in order to address the most glaring inequities of capitalism, politically marginalize the "radical element" within labour, and designate anti-capitalist labour movements as "Bolshevik," thereby justifying their fierce and often bloody suppression.