See Medieval Artisans (Oxford: Blackwell, 1989); and "The Illusion of Economic Structure: Craft Guilds
in Late Medieval English Towns" Past and Present 121 (1988): 29-48.
In early spring 1477, Willem Moreel emerged as the spokesman of a coalition of Bruges merchants and the craft guilds
who wanted to obtain privileges from the court.
Instead, he envisions professional associations taking on a role similar to medieval craft guilds
Driven by the sharp increase in agricultural productivity and in population, as well as the explosive spread of water- and wind-powered machinery, craft guilds
began to dominate in the 12th century.
More familiar, perhaps, are the craft guilds
of Europein the Middle Ages; these alliances of highly skilled workers became indispensable threads in the tapestry of medieval society.
The more medievally inclined among the Roman Restorationists view Novak's warm feelings for technocracy, innovation, and trickle-down as still too modern and too materialistic for proponents of the "true church," who long instead for the days of feudal rule, papal largesse, and a society of trade and craft guilds
The clue to these diverse outcomes is the varying patterns of alliance between merchants, craft guilds
, landowners, and the state.
During the next two centuries other tradesmen and craftsmen also joined together in trade or craft guilds
such as bakers and brewers, butchers, coopers and goldsmiths.
From the end of the fourteenth century forward, craft guilds
proliferated, as their definition and regulation became a means for the city government to control the labor force according to the 1363-64 statute that "artiticers handicraft people, hold them every one to one mystery .
routinely struck various alliances with each other and with parts of the urban patriciate to confront princely power and their own urban authorities in an effort to realize pragmatic, crucial economic needs.
Unlike England's many craft guilds
the Ludlow's Palmers' Guild was primarily a religious body, but one which cared for its membership in life as well as in death.
In medieval times the anniversary of her death was always marked by Coventry's powerful craft guilds
who baked God cakes and walked in procession.
The 20th Century saw a great wasting of rural talent that was lost to light and heavy engineering with its almost inevitable repetitive work but London, through its many craft guilds
and the power of patronage, maintained its position as benefactor of the co-ordination of hand and eye.
uk which has details of suppliers, craft guilds
, organisations and forthcoming events for every type of craft you can imagine.
Some writers thought women were excluded from the stage because all craft guilds
were male fraternities, but in earlier years women were common in many guilds.