Finally, the ATI gene sequence was most closely related to that of the cowpox virus
CPXV-Norway 1994-MAN (GenBank no.
, a cousin of variola virus, causes a mild smallpox-like disease in cows.
transmission from pet rats to humans, Germany.
The viruses are the same cowpox virus
that forms the basis of the smallpox vaccine and a bird virus called fowlpox.
Devastated staff said the male and female cubs died last month from the cowpox virus
was useful because it enabled smallpox virus to be tackled.
Chapters 1 and 2 discuss previous methods used to prevent smallpox and how Edward Jenner demonstrated that a cowpox virus
, transmitted through a human being, could retain its capacity to immunize against smallpox.
Louis University has designed and constructed an even more virulent mousepox and cowpox virus
Variola virus and the closely related cowpox virus
(CPV) , vaccinia virus (VV), and monkeypox virus (MKP) can all infect humans and are classified in the genus Orthopoxvirus.
Edward Jenner's inoculation of people with the much less deadly cowpox virus
to protect against deadly smallpox because he noticed that milkmaids, who had had cowpox, did not contract smallpox.
In 1796 Edward Jenner began vaccinating people with the much safer cowpox virus
after observing that milkmaids experienced mild infections of cowpox from their exposure to cattle, but never contracted smallpox.
Gradually, the idea of inoculation took hold, but immunization against smallpox did not become generally accepted until the milder vaccination using cowpox virus
was identified by Edward Jenner in the 1860s.
The fluid he had extracted from the milkmaid's hand contained cowpox virus
, which served as a vaccine.
was used in inoculations in 1796 by Edward Jenner.
In 1790 an English country doctor named Edward Jenner noticed that milkmaids appeared not to contract the disease, an observation that ultimately led to the use of the cowpox virus
as a vaccine against smallpox.