phenomena and personality pathology in clinical practice: an empirical investigation.
While not entirely dismissing Freud's idea, they also understood counter-transference
as a projective defense mechanism; the patient projecting unwanted aspects of the self into the therapist and then unwittingly identifying with these projections (Maroda, 2004).
Arguably, the intertwined psychic sadomasochistic elements involved in transference and counter-transference
reaches beyond the written text and highlights the vulnerabilities of the therapist.
phenomena and personality pathology in clinical practice: an empirical investigation, American Journal of Psychiatry, 162, 890-898.
32) I would argue that there is a similar kind of counter-transference
operative in Arendt's claim not to love the Jewish people, the working class nor even (if we look closely enough) her friends.
Also, clinicians with higher levels of education reported that they were more likely to seek out supervision to assist with transference and counter-transference
issues, and to aid their understanding of the client's and their own responses (Jackson, 2008).
Thus, when in 1949 the pioneering paediatrician-psychoanalyst Winnicott wrote about Hate in the Counter-transference
, his paper was regarded as outrageous by classical analysts.
In a twofold process of projective identification and counter-transference
, the therapist incarnates as the client's highly critical father.
As might be expected, Doriel falls in love with the psychiatrist, and there is enough counter-transference
going on that she becomes obsessed with him.
We learn about transference, counter-transference
, and self-disclosure.
feelings are at times used as clues for diagnosis or for fine-tuned understanding of clinical processes, they are a function of the analyst's psyche and would hinder progress in analysis when the clinician acts on them (Freud, 1958/1910; Kernberg, Selzer & Koenigsberg, 1989).
Deborah Steinberg, Sharon Dollarhide discussed the issues of counter-transference
and Prescription drug abuse.
He devotes two full chapters to pharmacotherapy and its complications, including important transference and counter-transference
issues, and describes family interventions and therapies, group therapy, individual therapy, cognitive-behavioral therapies, psychodynamic therapies, and future considerations.
Extrapolating from counter-transference
in the psychoanalytic context to spectatorship in the context of media encounters, this paper mines both possibilities and resistances to empathic witnessing by asking how it is, exactly, that representations of self-harm get under the skin of onlookers with such force.
considerations for the gay male when leading psychotherapy groups for gay men.