Vincent reasons that when the council of Ephesus
in 431 declares Mary to be Theotokos, this title represents the "unfolding (enucleemus) more distinctly and clearly" of the deposit of faith (13.
He infuriated the Alexandrians, and in 431 they called the First Council of Ephesus
to condemn Nestorius.
The aversion of Christianity in the matter of the feminine body is such that while it is willing to doom its God to an ignominious death, it spares Him the defilement of being born: the Council of Ephesus
in the Eastern Church and the Lateran Council in the West declare the virgin birth of Christ.
16) Portraits of Mary came to represent orthodoxy itself after the Council of Ephesus
in 431, which sanctioned Mary's status as "Theotokos," or "Bearer of God," in order to dispute Nestorius's view that Jesus's divine and human natures were not inseparably joined in one person.
245-399) consists of translations of sixteen letters and treatises from the Nestorian controversy: twelve of Cyril, one of Nestorius, letters of Athanasius and Gregory of Nazianzus which Cyril used or appealed to in formulating his Christology, and an extract from the acts of the Council of Ephesus
reporting the examination of Nestorius' opinions and his condemnation.
We recall that great moment in the history of the ancient Church, the Council of Ephesus
, in which the divine motherhood of the Virgin Mary was authoritatively defined.
The Council of Ephesus
declared Mary as the mother of God because Jesus whom Mary bore was both man and God, and that both natures of Jesus could never be separated from each other.
That question was debated at the fifth-century Council of Ephesus
, Athans reminds us.
Particularly interesting is Maxwell Johnson's argument that the title Theotokos is not simply a christological-doctrinal term that emerged at, and was popularized by, the Council of Ephesus
(as Jungmann had maintained), but that it had a prior devotional and liturgical history.
The single most fundamental doctrinal statement about Mary was the definition at the Council of Ephesus
in 431 that affirmed Mary as theotokos--"the God bearer.
The classic case is that of street fights during the Fifth Council of Ephesus
over Mary's identity as theotokos, Godbearer, the Mother of God.
4) The Marian cult began to emerge in the aftermath of the council of Ephesus
with homilies composed in her honor.
However, this same Epiphanius deemed it necessary to compile an account of 80 heresies (a tally possibly inspired by the "fourscore concubines" of Song of Songs 6) under the provocative title Medicine-Chest ("Panarion") drawn from the image of furnishing antidotes to the bite of the serpent of heresy, from Simon Magus to the Messalians ("Praying People"), a contemporary Eastern sect condemned by the Council of Ephesus
(431) for teaching that as a result of Adam's sin all human souls are.
This was a distinctly unpopular notion, and Nestorianism was declared heretical at the Council of Ephesus
When the Council of Ephesus
in 431 affirmed Mary as the Mother of God (Theotokos), regal images became increasingly common in both East and West, and Western iconography even crowned Mary as an empress.