Vincent reasons that when the council of Ephesus in 431 declares Mary to be Theotokos, this title represents the "unfolding (enucleemus) more distinctly and clearly" of the deposit of faith (13.
The same verb is used when describing the council of Ephesus authoritatively laying down the rules of faith.
He infuriated the Alexandrians, and in 431 they called the First Council of Ephesus
to condemn Nestorius.
Particularly interesting is Maxwell Johnson's argument that the title Theotokos is not simply a christological-doctrinal term that emerged at, and was popularized by, the Council of Ephesus
(as Jungmann had maintained), but that it had a prior devotional and liturgical history.
The single most fundamental doctrinal statement about Mary was the definition at the Council of Ephesus
in 431 that affirmed Mary as theotokos--"the God bearer.
When the Council of Ephesus
in 431 affirmed Mary as the Mother of God (Theotokos), regal images became increasingly common in both East and West, and Western iconography even crowned Mary as an empress.
4) The Marian cult began to emerge in the aftermath of the council of Ephesus
with homilies composed in her honor.
However, this same Epiphanius deemed it necessary to compile an account of 80 heresies (a tally possibly inspired by the "fourscore concubines" of Song of Songs 6) under the provocative title Medicine-Chest ("Panarion") drawn from the image of furnishing antidotes to the bite of the serpent of heresy, from Simon Magus to the Messalians ("Praying People"), a contemporary Eastern sect condemned by the Council of Ephesus
(431) for teaching that as a result of Adam's sin all human souls are.
This was a distinctly unpopular notion, and Nestorianism was declared heretical at the Council of Ephesus
Although the Council of Ephesus
in 431 had forbidden the introduction of any creed other than that of Nicaea, the bishops at Chalcedon promulgated both another creed--the Niceno-Constantinopolitan--and a new definition of faith.
Only twenty-two of the many sermons he must have preached survive, some fragmented; the fourth, given at the Council of Ephesus
(June 431) remains the classic exposition of Mariology.
In words addressed to Saint Augustine, who was invited to the council of Ephesus
but died before the invitation reached him: Tolle, lege
He was embroiled in the events surrounding the Council of Ephesus
and played an important role in the turmoil of the following years which led to the Council of Chalcedon.
In recounting the events surrounding the Council of Ephesus
In 431 the Council of Ephesus
condemned Nestorius as a heretic, but the Persian Church hailed him as a hero and martyr.