The author would like to thank Robertjohn Knapp, Tony Cerda, the Costanoan
Rumsen Carmel Band of the Ohlone Nation, Jeff Smith, George Bowechop, Janine Bowechop, and the Makah Nation for their openness to working with me or Pitzer College; Dean of Faculty Alan Jones and Project Pericles for support for developing Pitzer-tribal relationships; and Nadine Cruz, Tessa Hicks Peterson, Jeff Corntassel, Ethel Jorge, Michael McNally, Jeffrey Howard, and two anonymous MJCSL reviewers for their critical feedback about previous versions of this manuscript.
Louise Miranda Ramirez, who chairs the Ohlone Costanoan
Esselen Nation, has been on-site overseeing the excavation.
These waters have been feeding voyagers for thousands of years, since the Costanoan
, an early Native American tribe, used tule-reed boats to harvest mollusks and hunt seals in the bay.
These attracted landscape architect George Hargreaves who compares the freeway system to ancient rivers like the Guadalupe River in San Jose that once nurtured the Costanoan
Indians but now is controlled in a series of parks designed by Hargreaves in this capital of high-tech industry.
They included the Diegueno (Kumeyaay/Ipai/ Tipai), Luiseno, Juaneno (Acjachemen), Gabrielino (Tongva), Chumash, Salinan, and Costanoan
By 1803 Costanoan
and Coast Miwok speakers comprised the majority of the Mission San Francisco population.
Continue on as the trail winds into a forest of Monterey pine and comes out into a clearing where members of the Costanoan
tribe once lived.
Bohakel, The Indians of Contra Costa County: The Costanoan
and Yokuts Indians (Amarillo, TX: P & H.