View the Copernican theory
as Riccioli and Lansbergen did--as the telescopic appearance of stars and the lack of annual parallax of their time said they must view it--with titanic stars that could only be explained as the stupendous work of the Best and Greatest Artist, the fore-court of God's heaven for people to see.
9) The theory, sometimes called the Copernican Theory
, was proposed by the Polish astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus (1473-1543).
As a scientist, he was committed to promoting the Copernican theory
A common argument against the Copernican theory
of the earth's motion was the objection based on the ship's mast experiment, claiming that on a moving ship a body dropped from the top of the mast lags behind while falling and lands astern from the foot of the mast.
Although Harries treats the history of science, he does not touch at all on contemporary issues of social and cultural construction raised by Shapin, Schaffer, and others, but rather returns to the old and (some would think) outdated opposition between Pierre Duhem, who pushed the origins of modern science back through the scholastic tradition to the fourteenth century, and Alexandre Koyre, who argued for a "deep revolution" and rupture in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries in the wake of the Copernican theory
Rome Has Spoken traces the history of Catholic teachings on subjects that include infallibility, primacy of conscience, scriptural interpretation, religious freedom, ecumenism, the Jewish people, slavery, democracy in the church, dissent, women, celibacy, sexuality, contraception, divorce and remarriage, Copernican theory
, evolution, war and peace, and usury.
Swerdlow ("Galileo's discoveries with the telescope and their evidence for the Copernican theory
, despite its accuracy, became the focus of tremendous controversies in religion, philosophy, and social theory for 150 years.
As it stands, the book is primarily about the father's exploration and acceptance of the Copernican theory
of the universe, his difficulties with Church politics, and only tangentially his relationship with his daughter.
This work provides a partial, but significant, guide to the manner in which the Copernican theory
was received, as well as to the nature of astronomy and of the astronomical community of the later sixteenth century.
For example, one of the objections to the Copernican theory
, which requires the Earth to rotate at about one thousand miles per hour, was the "recalcitrant" result that a body falling from a high tower did not land sufficiently far to the west of the tower.
Earlier challenges to religion came from the Copernican theory
of the solar system and from naturalist Charles Darwin's theory of evolution.
Galileo supported the Copernican Theory
that, rather than the sun going around the Earth, the appearance of solar movement was caused by the rotation of the Earth.
In 1610 Galileo published Sidereal Messenger, with its account of telescopic observations that tended to confirm the Copernican theory
He rehabilitated the honor of Galileo, who was tried by the Inquisition for his Copernican theory
in opposition to the Church, and recognized Darwin's theory of evolution as more than hypothetical theory.