chain gang

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a gang of convicts chained together

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the Chicago Syndicate, that free men will not submit to the introduction of slavery into our trade under the guise of contract convict labor, and that you will not teach our trade to convicts to enrich these schemers, who care for nothing hut the almighty dollar and now seek to degrade our trade to fill their pockets.
Twice the Work of Free Labor: The Political Economy of Convict Labor in the New South.
3) During the past twenty years, more than thirty states have enacted laws permitting the use of convict labor by private enterprises.
Convict labor became increasingly racialized: it was assumed that blacks were more suitable for hard physical labor on Southern prison farms and on corporate railroad and construction company projects (Lichtenstein, 1996b).
Nevertheless, the Rhode Island General Assembly had passed legislation allowing the use of convict labor.
45) Yet the early experiments with public convict labor were abysmal failures.
Shapiro, The New South Rebellion: The Battle against Convict Labor in the Tennessee Coalfields, 1871-1896 (Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press 1998)
Support resolutions that insure that a company does not and will not do business with foreign suppliers who manufacture for sale in the United States using forced labor, convict labor, or child labor, or who fail to comply with all applicable laws and standards protecting their employees' wages, benefits, working conditions, freedom of association, and other rights.
In some cases, when a state could not afford to rebuild or maintain a prison, it would "farm out" its entire convict labor force, thereby meeting its responsibility to manage the prison.
67) Finally, in 1943, Congress passed the Walsh-Healey Act which forbade the use of contract convict labor in government contracts exceeding $10,000.
The December 14 Washington Post said that includes "farms run by the Arkansas Department of Corrections, which produces cotton and other crops using convict labor.
Beginning in March 1928, convict labor crews were employed on the coast highway construction project as unskilled workers.
23) The Commissioners rebuffed other critics, declaring that convict labor was reformative, productive, humane, "in keeping with the best modern prison systems" and in accord with principles of "good government," which decreed that for the "protection of the few" the burden of taxation for the many should not be onerous, unlike New York "where prisoners were largely idle and the burden of taxation heavier.
Officials of United States Steel LLC expressed disappointment and concern about an article appearing today in The Wall Street Journal that unfairly portrays the company's role in the use of leased convict labor in Alabama during the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
As industrialization took hold and convict labor lost its value, however, American prisons increasingly became a world apart.