In addition, women not on anticoagulation who have had VTE from unknown cause, during pregnancy, or associated with estrogen use should avoid oral contraceptive agents
Hoshiai H, Uehara 5, Nagaike F, Momono K, Mon R, Suzuki M, Lin YC (1981) Mechanism of action of gossypol as a male contraceptive agent
in rats I.
However, a recent study showed that runners taking oral contraceptives have lipid profiles similar to those of runners not taking hormonal medications, suggesting that exercise may offset the adverse effects of oral contraceptive agents
on lipid levels.
It does not prescribe or refer for contraceptive agents
, sterilizations, abortions, or artificial reproductive technologies.
Forbes is also developing innovative fermentation technology that converts plant sterols into pharmaceutical fine chemicals, essential in the production of various pharmaceutical steroids such as contraceptive agents
The guidelines emphasize three pharmacokinetic issues that should be considered during drug development: 1) the effects of the menstrual cycle and menopausal status, 2) the effects of concomitant estrogen supplementation or use of systemic contraceptive agents
, including both estrogen-progestin combinations and long-acting progesterones, and 3) the influence of a drug on the effectiveness of oral contraceptives.