Although Kiswahili does not frequently have consonant clusters
, when they occur they are to be found at the beginning of words or syllables.
Two types of words were trained (N= 24): words with ambiguous sound-spelling relations and words with complex consonant clusters
a) The last four verbs fogamzik 'be conceived', nemz 'beget', kirajzik 'hive off', (el)fajzik 'degenerate')--with their stem final consonant clusters
ending in z--differ from all the rest in that their imperative forms do exist even though their conditionals with vowel insertion are ill-formed.
Within a syllable, heterorganic consonant clusters
are impossible, but coronals may appear in a syllable appendix (i.
Words containing a long voiceless geminate or consonant cluster
are presented in Table 8.
in the second syllable when preceded by a consonant cluster
containing a lenis stop and a resonant (*adra > *adr[?
In the third series, containing a consonant cluster
at the syllable boundary, types of syllables (open/closed) were left unidentified for the ambiguity of syllable division, which was mentioned in the Introduction.
Phonemic deviations (in Versions 1 and 2): [[theta]][[eth]] [right arrow] [f] (2); word-initial [r] [right arrow] ; syllable-initial consonant clusters
[right arrow] insertion of vowels; syllable-final consonant clusters
[right arrow] deletion; tense/lax distinction [right arrow] confusion; [ae] [right arrow] [a]; NAE [[?
My complaint is not so much in agreement with Mr Regan's criticism of the way in which vowels are sung but with the gross exaggeration and vocalisation of consonant clusters
which has become fashionable in recent years.
other symbols called vattulu which are half-consonants that appear in consonant clusters
the distribution of aspirated consonants, long vowels, contour tones, and various consonant clusters
Furthermore, vowels should be spread around, not concentrated on one or two dice, to minimize the occurrence of impossible consonant clusters
For example, as consonants are usually followed by vowels in Japanese, English consonant clusters
are broken up by the insertion of a u, while consonants at the ends of words are either dropped (so toilet becomes toire) or have a vowel tacked on (keki = `cake').
s/ /z/ /w/ /j/), as well as the most difficult consonant clusters
(effect, lasts, quite good, great care .
The effect of consonant clusters
on recall has been shown to be negative, in that words with simple (singleton) onsets were recalled better than words comprising cluster onsets, even with a constant number of phonemes (Caplan & Waters, 1994).