Orr and Simeon Corley, embraced Congressional Reconstruction
and the Republican Party, seeing black voters as the only means to achieve their political goals.
Under Congressional Reconstruction
, the existing state governments were dissolved, direct military rule was introduced, and specific measures were taken to encourage black voting and secure full civil rights for the freedmen.
And yet, the Waite Court's resistance to congressional reconstruction
was not steadfast.
From 1867 to 1877 about 2000 blacks served as federal, state, and local office holders in the ex-Confederate states subject to congressional Reconstruction
Second, Ackerman puts a great deal of weight on how the opponents of congressional Reconstruction
and the dissenters on the Supreme Court characterized the reform movements associated with Reconstruction and the New Deal.