Elimination of rubella and congenital rubella syndrome
was verified in the WHO Region of the Americas in 2015, and 33 (62%) of 53 countries in the European Region have now eliminated endemic rubella and congenital rubella syndrome
Burden of congenital rubella syndrome
(CRS) in India: a systematic review.
DISCUSSION: Chronic infection of the fetus with rubella virus leads to progressive damage which manifests as congenital rubella syndrome
Elimination of endemic measles, rubella, and congenital rubella syndrome
from the Western Hemisphere: the US experience.
Screening and Vaccinating Adolescents and Adults to Prevent Congenital Rubella Syndrome
However, rubella in women in their reproductive age carries the risk of having babies with congenital rubella syndrome
Congenital rubella syndrome
is an important cause of deafness, heart disease, cataract, mental retardation and variety of other permanent sequelae in children (7,24).
Control and prevention of rubella: evaluation and management of suspected outbreaks, rubella in pregnant women, and surveillance for congenital rubella syndrome
The main concern is the risk of congenital rubella syndrome
(CRS) in early pregnancy.
As a result of childhood vaccinations, smallpox, diphtheria, paralytic polio, and congenital rubella syndrome
have experienced a 100% decrease in morbidity and Measles, Mumps, Rubella, Tetanus, and Hib have experienced a greater than 94% decrease in morbidity during the 20th Century in the United States alone (Immunization Action Coalition) and 2004 estimated cases of morbidity from the diseases mentioned in the previous paragraph to be less than 844,000 (a 90% reduction).
Rubella infection occurring early in gestation is known to cause congenital rubella syndrome
Make sure that your rubella vaccination is up to date to prevent serious birth defects resulting from congenital rubella syndrome
, such as those in the heart, eyes, and ears.
Consider congenital rubella syndrome
in infants with compatible signs, particularly immigrants from countries without rubella control programs, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention advised.
The Pan American Health Organization estimates that treating congenital rubella syndrome
costs 13 times more than to prevent it with vaccines.
n However, babies born to mothers who contract the disease while pregnant will develop what is called congenital rubella syndrome