explained the groundwork for his argument in the Essai in
He located sovereign authority in the will of the majority but, unlike Rousseau, Condorcet
claimed that the people's will could not be exerted directly: popular sovereignty had to be managed according to reason and law.
10 and Condorcet
's jury theorem, and an implausible chain of transmission from Condorcet
through either Jefferson or Franklin to Madison (pp.
Like Godwin, Condorcet
foresaw all manner of glorious things
Arrow's Impossibility Theorem, spatial voting models, Condorcet
cycles, the results of Plott and McKelvey related to cycling, and agenda order and control all receive Tullock's attention.
He noted that "in most cases where a Condorcet
winner existed the number of voters was large relative to the number of alternatives" (Dobra, 1983, p.
Table 2 borrows a simple methodology from William Riker (1982/1988, 68) to determine if a Condorcet
winner exists in ROC.
As the Marquis de Condorcet
put it in The Perfectibility of Man (written, ironically, but not coincidentally, during the French Revolution), "The sole foundation for belief in the natural sciences is this idea, that the general laws directing the phenomena of the universe, known or unknown, are necessary and constant.
4) The Essai describes what has become known as the "Condorcet
Paradox,"(5) the seminal insight underlying what Condorcet
described as "social mathematics" and what is presently known as social choice theory.
By then the former Marquise de Condorcet
and living in Paris, Sophie de Grouchy (1764-1822) published her translation into French of Adam Smith's 1759 The Theory of Moral Sentiments in two volumes, and appended eight Lettres sur la sympathie to the second, presenting her views as a moral theorist on the philosophical issues Smith raised.
After a general introduction the book consists of essays on various Enlightenment figures: Voltaire, Jefferson, Rousseau, Condorcet
and Brissot and finally, a concluding essay on the role of historians.
But this is also a book about Condorcet
and other important French philosophes, such as Turgot, for Rothschild situates Smith in a larger Enlightenment discourse that struggled to formulate new concepts of economic and political freedom in the eighteenth century.
Prior to these profiles, he also discusses the Marquis de Condorcet
and Auguste Comte in the context of the emergence of modern social science.
Enlightenment Aberrations resembles a conventional intellectual history to the extent that it draws upon the work of familiar figures: d'Alembert and Condillac serve as guides to Enlightenment epistemology, Condorcet
and Sieyes expose the relationship of error and troth in revolutionary politics, Robespierre and Saint-Just represent the politics of the Terror, while Bonald and de Maistre outline a counterrevolutionary "politics of sin.
They examine how "inconvenient candidates" relate to the Borda Count, how Condorcet
figures in, what strange forces reside in the electoral college, what troubles abound in direct democracy, how apportionment has at least five methods, two named after presidents of all people, and how one person, one vote is a nice idea, but insert ellipses here.