Ryan also brings in Sayce's philological work again: in his The Principles of Comparative Philology
(1874) Sayce also explored the Turanian language group in relation to languages that included Finnish, Lapp, and Mordvinian, and suggested Turanian was one of the earliest forms of a primitive European language and a counterpart of the Indo-European languages.
A rereading of the classics of comparative philology
, or at least Fox's (1995) recent summary of the methods of reconstruction, should have warned the authors.
The best that comparative philology
- a humanistic science slightly over two hundred years old - can do is to reconstruct the forms and structures that underlie languages related by internal factors such as phonology, morphology, lexis, and syntax, and by external factors such as geography and economic and political history.
These few preliminary pages offer a kind of "to do list" for Tolkien scholars and will hopefully spur further investigation of: Tolkien's literary antecedents, particularly the Victorian and Edwardian; the significance of the parallel efforts at comparative philology
and comparative mythology undertaken in Tolkien's milieu; the interplay of topoi in the works of Tolkien, Lewis, Williams, Barfield, and their friends--which Shippey calls the "Inkling conversation"; Tolkien's early poetry in all its varied forms and revisions; and more besides.
Born in Arbroath and raised in Cornwall, Dr Russell read Literae Humaniores at Jesus College, Oxford, before studying for his MPhil in General Linguistics and Comparative Philology
, also at Jesus College.
Salisbury Professor of Sanskrit and Comparative Philology
Along with lively commentary, Clackson and Horrocks (classics and comparative philology
, respectively, U.
Also in keeping with its roots in the Western tradition of comparative philology
, the book provides extensive "Introductory Remarks to the Student of Sanskrit" (pp.
He worked his way up the academic ladder at Yale, beginning with an instructorship in German in 1891 and culminating in his promotion to Professor of Linguistics and Comparative Philology
in 1900, a title he retained (with a five-year stint as Dean of the Yale Graduate School, 1911-16) until his resignation, tendered while on leave in Germany and occasioned by factors relating to World War I, in 1917.
The two primary areas that users of these volumes should view with caution are those of epigraphy and comparative philology
The reconstruction of Proto-Indo-European had been proceeding for some half a century, and no such scheme was suggested there in the parent and model comparative philology
in the very work cited, Comparative Philology
and the Text of the Old Testament |Oxford, 1968~, 177).