14) We are not normally so well placed to show it, but my guess is that if we were we should find that the same was true at the castellanic or comital
level after 1000: that Bissonic `violence' was usually not `affective', but quite meaningful and controlled, both in the means used and the targets chosen.
Los espacios politicos aparecen definidos como territoria o pagi, integrados en las demarcaciones bajo mando comital
In the first part of the book, he traces the development of the comital
state to provide the necessary background for his close study of the region's elites.
The counts of the twelfth century replaced the hereditary feudal viscounts who acted as prosecutors of comital
justice in the cities and rural districts or kasselrijen of the county with comital
bailiffs they could appoint and remove.
Similar movements initiated by martial impulses are recorded in Maria Branco's coverage of Portugal where, in the twelfth century, Count Alfonso was elevated to the throne; in the process, his comital
advisors became royal ones overnight.
In twelfth-century Languedoc, the alliance between Church and state that marked the growth of comital
and royal power in northern France failed to develop because of the political fragmention of the region.
To take only the most telling point: there were thirteen shires south of the Mersey and Tees where the Mercian comital
dynasty as represented by the brothers Edwin and Morcar had no significant interests.