Key words: Arisaema triphyllum, Jack-in-the-pulpit, spadix, osmophore, aroid, Araceae, Collembola
Among the microarthropods, the Collembola
and Oribatida were the groups most affected by treatment; the abundance of these secondary consumers was greater in the bone meal and de-oiled cake treatments (Table 5).
Part I, Poduromorpha, appeared ten years ago, and this volume completes the survey of Collembola
, springtails, in the Nordic countries by looking at the 239 species of Entomobryomorpha and Symphypleona.
In contrast, the evergreen fern species, sword fern, supported a relatively high abundance but low biomass of arthropods, reflecting an arthropod assemblage dominated by small detritivores such as Pscoptera and Collembola
(Doolittle 2000) that were not important in bird diets.
of North America north of the Rio Grande.
By delving into their stomachs and examining the DNA of their prey, they found the spiders preferred eating potentially toxic aphids like greenfly when they balanced their diet with a specific type of the collembola
insect, also known as the springtail.
The remaining 15% of specimens were in the orders Hymenoptera, Lepidoptera, Trichoptera, Orthoptera, Neuroptera, Thysanoptera, Ephemeroptera, Collembola
, Odonata, and Mantodea.
, or snow fleas, hop about this nearly invisible zoo.
For example, it might be beneficial for ants, but for other soil fauna such as Collembola
, it may have a negative impact.
Soil fauna, such as collembola
, should be used with caution as they are highly migratory in the soil and some have adverse effects on Vesicular Arbuscular mycorrhizae.
are generally polyphagous, however, the majority of them consume fungal hyphae and fruiting bodies, decaying vegetation, organic detritus, algae and micro-organisms (Hasegawa & Takeda 1995; Chen et al.
In contrast, ablation reduced the number of Collembola
captured to just 29% of what was found in the other two treatments (interaction of taxa and treatment after square root transformation: [F.
Sinka M, Jones TH, Hartley SE (2009) Collembola
respond to aphid herbivory but not to honeydew addition.
Those significantly higher in density relative to the 6MPB tract were insects of the orders Collembola
Further work by another research team showed that a very primitive type of insect called a collembola
also uses these same fatty acids to recognise dead kin.