That is, South African managers would use a decision strategy consistent with their individualist orientation, whereas West African managers would use a different decision strategy consistent with their collectivist
orientation (see Table 2).
Subsequently, Earley's (1993) research indicated that the performance of collectivists
is highest when working in an in-group.
However, the authors' case for Reagan's "subversion of the collectivist
language system" (p.
The findings: The poorer and more collectivist
a country, the more likely it was to turn to bribery.
This allows collectivists
to play on people's natural fear of change.
tendencies have seeped into the public mentality, especially on medical issues.
Chinese tend to be collectivists
and their consuming habit in all-you-can-eat restaurants is collective consumption.
Nevertheless, one study showed that groups composed of people from collectivist
cultural traditions would display more cooperative behavior than groups composed of people from individualistic cultural traditions (Cox et al.
grant that if a collective bears responsibility for a state of affairs its members can also bear responsibility for it as individuals.
give priority to the goals and needs of the group rather than to their own goals and needs; collectivists
' occupational choices should reflect less on their own individual preferences and more on what their in-groups expect of them.
But, just as the collectivists
went too far in creating the welfare state, the individualists went too far in dismantling it.
The old collectivists
were perhaps more demonstrably dangerous than the new, because they knew what they wanted to do.
, in contrast, may conceive of the individual in far less isolation from others within the same community--they may see themselves as fundamentally connected with others (Markus & Kitayama, 1991).
Lindsey, admittedly no Pollyanna, unfortunately does not assess more carefully--measure, if you will--the strength of the hands liberals and collectivists
respectively have to play in today's world using theory or evidence about the process of national regime choice.
believed that war would help solidify the people into an even stronger nation state--which led to the terrible disasters of Communism and the World Wars.