whether they [Russians] really enjoy being herded into collective farms
(however more productive than their wretched little individual holdings, and however more truly contributing to their ultimate good).
The collective farms
continued to operate on the scale of the former state-owned farms by, on average, employing 800 workers and using 8,000 acres of farmland (Krasnozhon, 2011a).
According to article 209 from the Criminal Code, the peasants who wanted to withdraw from the collective farms
or those who advised the others to do such a thing were sent to prison (9).
During his March 1933 "off limits" walking tour of Ukraine he witnessed the famine first hand and reported: "I walked alone through villages and twelve collective farms
The communist ideology, for example, was underpinned by the need to provide sufficient food for the masses and led to vast collective farms
Examples of topics explored include the manipulation of formal seigniorial powers over land by Czech peasants of the Middle Ages, variations in the political implementation of the liberal land property paradigm across Europe, peasant strategies towards the disposition of land before and after the Napoleonic Civil Code in French Normandy, Nazi Germany's "Heredity Law" governing "ethnic" German land, and the transformation of collective farms
in East Germany since 1989.
The documents were signed between each operator and the General Director of the National Board of Farmland in Algiers (ONTA), during a symbolic ceremony marking the start of the conversion of the perpetual contract of use of the individual or collective farms
into right to concession for 40-year renewable and mortgageable term.
Individual farmers were taxed until they entered the collective, and collective farms
were allowed to seize individual farmers' seed grain, used to plant the next year's harvest.
As specialists in socialistfarming, the Uzbeks were supposed to share their experience on organizing collective farms
with their new Angolan neighbors.
The Khmer Rouge, led by Pol Pot, emptied Cambodia's cities during its 1975-1979 rule, exiling millions to vast collective farms
in a bid to take society back to "Year Zero" and forge a Marxist utopia.
Do you know of any cooperative or collective farms
that are not high-priced, gated communities?
Report by Jones published in Manchester Guardian and New York Evening Post on March 29, 1933 "I walked along through villages and 12 collective farms
Under communism, people were forced to work in collective farms
, but the crops that were raised went to Russia and China in exchange for weapons and war planes, while the majority of the people were left starving.
More than 30 Kyrgyz people were interviewed about a time when nomadic lifestyles were changed in favour of Soviet collective farms
Pierre Du Kim Khoa was placed under house arrest in Viet Tri city by the communist government after being accused of telling local people not to hand their land over to state-run collective farms