The present study evaluated the occurrence of the branching pattern of the coeliac trunk and found that the most common pattern of branching of the coeliac trunk was the hepatolienogastric type in 71% (39/50) of cadavers and variants in another 22% (12/50) cadavers.
The coeliac trunk takes its origin from the abdominal aorta and supplies the stomach, duodenum, liver, gallbladder, spleen and pancreas through its three branches namely splenic artery, left gastric artery and common hepatic artery.
Measurement of the length of the coeliac trunk up to the left gastric, Measurement of the length of coeliac trunk up to common hepatic and/or splenic artery, Measurement of coeliac trunk diameter, Distance between coeliac trunk and the superior mesenteric artery shows in Table 1 (Figure 1 & 2).
In 18 (18%) cadavers with the coeliac trunk presenting its three arteries, left gastric, splenic, common hepatic, trifurcating at the same level, forming the Haller's tripod (Figure 3).
3), which was originating from the coeliac trunk entering the head of the pancreas with several branches.
However, our patient had a different mechanism due to abnormal feeding vessels feeding the pancreatic head from the coeliac trunk.
The rare finding showed remarkably short course due to lack of tortuosity and had relatively straight course as it arose from coeliac trunk to its termination till it entered spleen.
The artery originated from the coeliac trunk in 90.
In this case the coeliac trunk was present at the level of L1 vertebrae in all the three cases and a portion of the head of the pancreas had to be dissected out to clearly see the origin from the abdominal aorta.
Therefore keeping the above mentioned facts in view the continuous reporting of the anomalous branching patterns of the coeliac trunk and also the superior mesenteric artery becomes very important.
The most common pattern of branching of the coeliac trunk was the Hepatogastrolienal type, which has been accepted as the normal pattern of branching of the coeliac trunk.
Mamatha: Anatomical variations in the branches of coeliac trunk, JCDR/2012/3866:2060.
the coeliac trunk
, superior and inferior mesenteric arteries which supplies foregut, midgut and hindgut respectively.
The coeliac trunk
typically gives rise to three major branches, the left gastric artery, the hepatic and the splenic arteries; it may likewise give rise to one or both the inferior phrenic arteries or to a branch, the dorsal pancreatic artery to the pancreas (2).
Manoharan B, Aland RC, Atypical coelio-mesenteric anastomosis: The presence of an anomalous fourth coeliac trunk
branch, Clin Anat.