According to Coggle (1993) the social factors of Estuary development are of vital importance: young people cultivate it, it seems that using this variety brings an urban image rather than a rural one, which is something appealing to teenagers and young adults; A number of Cockney English speakers feel the need to modify their speech in order to fit better into society and not to be regarded as uneducated and common because of their accent, a social factor which makes them modify their speech towards Estuary; finally there are RP speakers who do not wish to be regarded as Posh and to be associated with the establishment due to the negative connotations that it evokes to a large part of British population.
The order in which the accents were presented to students was random, being Accent 1 London Estuary English, Accent 2 Scottish English, Accent 3 Cockney English, and Accent 4 Received Pronunciation English.
Cockney English was not downgraded to that point, in fact, the ratings were fairly positive as obtained in the present experiment.
In the second and final experiment, Cockney English had again its highest peak of impressions in the "graduated" option (26%).
The Cockney English user was considered in the pilot study, by most EFL Spanish students, to live in a private rented house (41.
These results are, as in the previous question, in contrast with previous research, in which Cockney English was systematically downgraded in comparison to a variety of other accents, be it by natives (Giles and Powesland 1975; Giles and Coupland 1991) or by EFL Danish learners (H.
Cockney English received again an intermediate evaluation regarding this third question.
Estuary English achieved similar, though slightly higher results than Cockney English in this EFL dimension.