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Ladybug washups, a phenomenon in which sometimes massive numbers of Coccinellidae appear on the shores of major bodies of water, have been recorded from across North America and around the world (Bold, 1873; Needham, 1900; Marriner, 1939; Oliver, 1943; Hagen, 1962; Turnock and Turnock, 1979; Lee, 1980; Schaefer et al.
Some recorded transport hosts include: beetles of the families Buprestidae, Carabidae, Coccinellidae, Hydrophilidae and Scarabaeidae (Muller 1860; Faasch & Schaller 1966; Faasch 1967), bibionid flies (Pecina 1970), millipedes (Faasch 1967) and sowbugs (Vitzthum 1943).
adult wingless exposed Gastropoda Stylommatophora adult wingless exposed Insecta Coleoptera Cerambycidae adult winged exposed Coccinellidae adult winged exposed Diptera Calliphoridae adult winged exposed Cecidomyiidae Giraudiellci spp.
The predator being released, Pseudoscymnus tsugae, is a beetle in the ladybug family Coccinellidae.
The 20 records available to me are as follows (sex of asilid bracketed): Coleoptera: Buprestidae ([female]), Coccinellidae ([female]), Dermestidae ([male]), Melyridae ([female]), Scarabaeidae (3[male] 3[female]); Diptera: Muscidae ([male]); Hemiptera: Lygaeidae ([male]), Pentatomidae ([male]); Isoptera: Hodotermitidae (3[male] 2[female]); Orthoptera: Tridactylidae (2[male]).
and at least two species of Coccinellidae (Olla v-nigrum [Mulsant] and Psyllobora sp.
Soybean aphid predators in Quebec and the suitability of Aphis glycines as prey for three Coccinellidae.
Blattaria Blatellidae Parcoblatta fulvescens (Saussure & Zehnter) Coleoptera Cantharidae Polemius laticornis Say Chrysomelidae Caryobruchus gleditsiae (Linnaeus) ([dagger]) Hemisphaerota cyanea (Say) Neochlamisus insularis (Schaeffer) Unknown Coccinellidae Exochomus childreni (Mulsant) Lycidae Plateros flavoscutellatus Blatchley ([dagger]) Scarabaeidae Boreocanthon probus (Germar) Diplotaxis bidentata LeConte ([dagger]) Euphoria limbalis Fall ([dagger]) Hypotrichia spissipes LeConte * Onthophagus hecate blatchleyi Brown Phyllophaga elizoria Saylor * Phyllophaga elongata (Linell) * Serica frosti Dawson * Trigonopeltastes floridana (Casey) *([dagger]) Tenebrionidae Hymenorus sp.