What would the fishing rate have been in the harvest of Atlantic Herring, Clupea harengus
, from the Baltic Sea each year from 1974-2005, if the harvest had been managed sustainably to directly account for the total natural mortality rate of this population?
Biological basis of maturation and spawning waves in Pacific herring Clupea harengus
1980 Seriphus politus DeMartini and (queenfish, Fountain, 1981 Sciaenidae) Solea solea (sole, Witthames2 Soleidae) Trachurus Wine and Knaggs3 symmetricus (jack mackerel, Carangidae) No change noted Clupea harengus
Lambert, 1987 overall, but larger (Atlantic herring, fish develop eggs Clupeidae and/or spawn earlier Clupea pallasi Ware and Tanasichuk, (Pacific herring, 1989 Clupeidae) Cynoscion regalis Lowerre-Barbieri et (weakfish, al.
(Linnaeus) Atlantic herring, Family Clupeidae
Ecologically, Pacific hake play a dominant and key trophic role in the CCLME both as predator on euphausiids such as Euphausia pacifica and Thysanoessa spinifera, shrimp such as Pandahtsjordani, and smaller finfishes such as the Pacific herring, Clupea harengus
pallasi, and as prey for other Pacific hake, larger finfishes such as lingcod, Ophidon elongatus, large invertebrates such as Humboldt squid, Dosidicus gigas, seabirds such as the sooty shearwater, Puffinus griseus, and marine mammals such as the California sea lion, Zalophus californianus californianus (Livingston and Bailey, 1985; Buckley and Livingston, 1997; Baraff and Loughlin, 2000; Field et al.
Another hypothesis for the dramatic upswing in lobster landings is that lobster bait (Atlantic herring, Clupea harengus
Linnaeus, 1758) has become a significant food subsidy for juvenile lobsters, and that a positive feedback exists between fishing effort and landings (Saila et al.
Also, Aneer (1987) found that in a natural situation in Europe, the eggs of the Atlantic herring, Clupea harengus
, were killed in large numbers by exudates released by filamentous brown algae, predominantly Pilayella littoralis.
herring Clupea harengus
, Pacific cod Gadus macrocephalus, or coho salmon Oncorhynchus kisutch cut into 2 cm chunks.
Nikolsky (1889) reports a higher abundance of Steller sea lions off southern Sakhalin in May; he attributed this phenomenon to spawning Pacific herring, Clupea harengus
pallasi, arriving at the coast.
Food and feeding habits of the herring Clupea harengus
and the sprat C.
Zooplanktivory in the Baltic Sea: a comparison of prey selectivity by Clupea harengus
and Mysis mixta, with reference to prey escape reactions.
Common Name Scientific Name Alewife Alosa pseudoharengus American plaice Hippoglossoides platessoides Atka mackerel Pleurogrammus monopterygius Atlantic cod Gadhus morhua Atlantic herring Clupea harengus
Atlantic mackerel Scomber scombrus American shad Alosa sapidissima Capelin Mallotus villosus Eulachon Thaleichthys pacificus Flatfish Pleuronectidae/Bothidae Haddock Melanogrammus aeglefinus Hake (red or white) Urophycis spp.
RNA, DNA and protein concentrations in fed and starved herring, Clupea harengus
Biochemical population genetics of Atlantic herring, Clupea harengus
Pacific herring, Clupea harengus
pallasi; Pacific halibut, Hippoglossus stenolepis; and Pacific salmon and steelhead trout, Oncorhynchus spp.