Atlantic herring

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Related to Clupea harengus: herring, Thalassoma bifasciatum
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Synonyms for Atlantic herring

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What would the fishing rate have been in the harvest of Atlantic Herring, Clupea harengus, from the Baltic Sea each year from 1974-2005, if the harvest had been managed sustainably to directly account for the total natural mortality rate of this population?
1980 Seriphus politus DeMartini and (queenfish, Fountain, 1981 Sciaenidae) Solea solea (sole, Witthames2 Soleidae) Trachurus Wine and Knaggs3 symmetricus (jack mackerel, Carangidae) No change noted Clupea harengus Lambert, 1987 overall, but larger (Atlantic herring, fish develop eggs Clupeidae and/or spawn earlier Clupea pallasi Ware and Tanasichuk, (Pacific herring, 1989 Clupeidae) Cynoscion regalis Lowerre-Barbieri et (weakfish, al.
Ecologically, Pacific hake play a dominant and key trophic role in the CCLME both as predator on euphausiids such as Euphausia pacifica and Thysanoessa spinifera, shrimp such as Pandahtsjordani, and smaller finfishes such as the Pacific herring, Clupea harengus pallasi, and as prey for other Pacific hake, larger finfishes such as lingcod, Ophidon elongatus, large invertebrates such as Humboldt squid, Dosidicus gigas, seabirds such as the sooty shearwater, Puffinus griseus, and marine mammals such as the California sea lion, Zalophus californianus californianus (Livingston and Bailey, 1985; Buckley and Livingston, 1997; Baraff and Loughlin, 2000; Field et al.
Another hypothesis for the dramatic upswing in lobster landings is that lobster bait (Atlantic herring, Clupea harengus Linnaeus, 1758) has become a significant food subsidy for juvenile lobsters, and that a positive feedback exists between fishing effort and landings (Saila et al.
Also, Aneer (1987) found that in a natural situation in Europe, the eggs of the Atlantic herring, Clupea harengus, were killed in large numbers by exudates released by filamentous brown algae, predominantly Pilayella littoralis.
Nikolsky (1889) reports a higher abundance of Steller sea lions off southern Sakhalin in May; he attributed this phenomenon to spawning Pacific herring, Clupea harengus pallasi, arriving at the coast.
Zooplanktivory in the Baltic Sea: a comparison of prey selectivity by Clupea harengus and Mysis mixta, with reference to prey escape reactions.
Common Name Scientific Name Alewife Alosa pseudoharengus American plaice Hippoglossoides platessoides Atka mackerel Pleurogrammus monopterygius Atlantic cod Gadhus morhua Atlantic herring Clupea harengus Atlantic mackerel Scomber scombrus American shad Alosa sapidissima Capelin Mallotus villosus Eulachon Thaleichthys pacificus Flatfish Pleuronectidae/Bothidae Haddock Melanogrammus aeglefinus Hake (red or white) Urophycis spp.
Pacific herring, Clupea harengus pallasi; Pacific halibut, Hippoglossus stenolepis; and Pacific salmon and steelhead trout, Oncorhynchus spp.