Klimke); Consultant Laboratory for Clostridium botulinum
, Robert Koch Institute, Seestrassse 10, 13353 Berlin.
Botulism is a rare and potentially lethal, albeit preventable and curable, illness caused by the exotoxin of Clostridium botulinum
has been also associated with the "Equine grass sickness" (EGS), a nervous disease of unknown etiology that is characterized by a severe neuronal degeneration and widespread neuronal loss in both the enteric and autonomic nervous systems (dysautonomia) (HUNTER et al.
is a Gram-positive, obligatory anaerobic, spore forming bacterium.
Many decades after Kerner's work, in 1895, an identical poisoning outbreak after a funeral dinner with smoked ham, in the small Belgian village of Ellezelles, led to the discovery of the pathogen we now know as Clostridium botulinum
, by Emile Pierre van Ermengem, Professor of bacteriology at the University of Ghent.
Foodborne botulism is caused by eating foods contaminated with botulinum toxin produced by the bacterium Clostridium botulinum
Botulinum neurotoxin (BoNT) is the most acutely toxic substance produced by a gram-positive, rod- shaped bacterium called Clostridium botulinum
Botox is a trade name for a protein called botulinum toxin, produced by the bacterium clostridium botulinum
Authorities have also been instructed not to allow any of the products containing Clostridium botulinum
, bacteria which can cause botulism.
Original tests raised fears the whey protein concentrate, used in infant formula and sports drinks, might contain clostridium botulinum
, which can cause potentially lethal botulism.
Fonterra, the largest dairy firm in New Zealand, triggered panic across its global portfolio after it reported having found traces of the bacteria Clostridium botulinum
in some of its products at the beginning of August.
However, New Zealand's Ministry of Primary Industries said a barrage of tests ordered after it sounded the alarm had confirmed the contaminant was not the potentially fatal clostridium botulinum
, but a milder bug called clostridium sporogenes.
Mariam Al-Hajiri, stated that the milk powder (Similac Gain Plus) for three-year olds imported for the Kingdom of Bahrain's local markets from Irish and not New Zealand origins, and after laboratory testing of specimens was found to be free from the toxic clostridium botulinum
bacteria, and she assured citizens and residents that according to the World Health Organization (WHO)'s that bacteria-contaminated milk had been exported to the following countries: Australia, Colombia, China, Malaysia, New Zealand, KSA, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam.
Fonterra said last week some of its whey protein, used in baby formula, food and sports drinks, produced in May 2012 was found to be contaminated with the bacterium clostridium botulinum
The New Zealand-based company said over the weekend it had discovered a strain of bacteria - Clostridium botulinum
- in its whey protein that can cause botulism.