Under pressure from civil libertarians, the Clinton administration eventually ditched the Clipper Chip
Arguably, the promotion of mandatory key escrow was the most significant aspect of the Clipper Chip
In April 1993, President Clinton unveiled the Clipper Chip
Dakoff, Note, The Clipper Chip
Proposal: Deciphering the Unfounded Fears That are Wrongfully Derailing Its Implementation, 29 J.
If every telephone in America had a Clipper Chip
on it as of tomorrow, there can be no doubt that net privacy in America would increase.
If established as a standard, the Clipper chip
would let government users encrypt and decrypt at reasonable cost, without worrying about interoperability.
The most recent development in cryptographic alternatives is the federal government's key escrow encryption initiative, more popularly known as the Clipper Chip
and the Capstone chip.
This technology improves "the security and privacy of telephone communications while meeting the legitimate needs of law enforcement:' the White House stated in announcing the Clipper chip
As the NSA's experience with the Clipper Chip
has shown, the potential downside to mishandling this situation is scrapping the technology altogether.
The government's Clipper Chip
offered strong, exportable encryption, but it met with considerable opposition on three accounts: its encryption algorithm was classified, it required special hardware, and the government held a backdoor key to every chip.
Individuals and companies suspicious of the Big Brother approach seen in the Clipper Chip
and Communications Decency Act expend energies in withdrawing or opposing state measures, while fewer enterprises develop products--less powerful than they would have otherwise been--to assist the reds.
This program features experts in the fields of technology and human rights, including Jonathan Wallace, author of the on-line "book" called "Sex, Lies, and Cyberspace," which discusses the push for keeping Cyberspace free of legislation under the First Amendment; and John Perry Barlow, founder of the Electronic Freedom Foundation, the entity that set out to stop the clipper chip
Bidzos said that NTT's chips, which have been developed and manufactured by a subsidiary, NTT Electronic Labs, were far more powerful than the so-called Clipper chip
, a data-scrambling system that the Clinton administration proposed for the nation's telephone system.
Of the Clipper Chip
and other surveillance features the government sought to build into computers and communications hardware, he said that "individuals will be outraged when they understand that the administration wants to hand the FBI access to your private communications.
Gorelick and Freeh both stressed the importance of implementing clipper chip
technology that would force all citizens to use the same encryption program, to which the government would have the key.