Below us through the valley crept a river, Cleft
round an island where the Lap-men lay; Its sluggish water dragged with slow endeavour The mountain snows away.
At the turn in the cleft the stairs ended, and the path was level; but it wound and twisted in a serpentine fashion, until suddenly at a sharp angle it debouched upon a narrow court, across which loomed an inner wall equally as high as the outer.
A single shriek such as they had heard the night before would have been sufficient to have sent them all racing madly for the narrow cleft that led through the great walls to the outer world.
The name of the cleft
was the Heugh of Corrynakiegh; and although from its height and being so near upon the sea, it was often beset with clouds, yet it was on the whole a pleasant place, and the five days we lived in it went happily.
Then jumping to his feet, he snatched the cleft stick from the Dodger; and, advancing to Oliver, viewed him round and round; while the Jew, taking off his nightcap, made a great number of low bows to the bewildered boy.
Master Bates, apparently much delighted with his commission, took the cleft stick: and led Oliver into an adjacent kitchen, where there were two or three of the beds on which he had slept before; and here, with many uncontrollable bursts of laughter, he produced the identical old suit of clothes which Oliver had so much congratulated himself upon leaving off at Mr.
2003; Britton and Welbury, 2010] demonstrating that the gender ratio of orofacial clefts
in Scotland has remained remarkably stable for the last 35 years.
Summary of meta-analysis of studies on air pollutant exposures and orofacial clefts
Among the topics are effective cleft
lip surgery, growth of the dentofacial complex in the presence of cleft
lip and palate, repairing alveolar clefts
by bone grafting, cleft
speech-assessment and management, genetics and embryogenesis, neural crest cells in development of CL/P, genetic analysis of CL/P at the present and its prospects for the future, the preventive effect of folic acid and other vitamins on congenital anomalies, and methods for dietary surveys aimed to prevent CL/P.
Congenital laryngeal anomalies occur in approximately 1 of every 2,000 live births; laryngeal clefts
A study conducted at Damascus University of Syria reports that patients with cleft
lip and/or palate have a higher occurrence of tooth decay and cavities than their siblings without clefts
Smile Train estimates that approximately 4,400 children are born with cleft
lip and palate deformities annually in the Philippines and that there is a backlog of 150,000 untreated clefts
The majority of clefts
appear to be due to a combination of genetics and environmental factors.
The ratio of unilateral primary and secondary cleft
to bilateral clefts
Research: This population-based study was conducted in Norway, which has one of the highest rates of facial clefts
in Europe and does not allow foods to be fortified with folic acid.