A simple technique for internal fixation of the clavicle.
Complications of intramedullary Hagie pin fixation for acute midshaft clavicle fractures.
Management of midshaft clavicle fractures in adults.
External fixation of the clavicle for fracture or non-union in adults.
Recovery following fractures of the clavicle treated conservatively.
The articular cartilage of the lateral end of the clavicle exhibited fissuring, degeneration, and areas of complete absence.
AC joint stability should be assessed by grasping the distal clavicle between the thumb and forefinger and stressing the clavicle in an anteroposterior and superoinferior direction, while stabilizing the acromion with the other hand.
However, previous investigators have noted that radiographic appearance of the distal clavicle may vary considerably with the age and activity of the individual, as well as with the radiographic technique applied.
This then decreases the compressive force on the distal clavicle.
Early in the course of symptoms, Tc-99 scintigraphy with marked uptake in the distal clavicle may help to confirm AC joint involvement before changes become apparent on plain radiographs; at times, there is also increased activity in the adjacent acromion.
Primary tumors and tumor-like lesions of thc clavicle.
Aseptic necrosis of the sternal end of the clavicle.
She denied constitutional complaints and any history of overt trauma to the clavicle.
An isolated sclerotic lesion at the medial articular surface of the left clavicle pointed to a diagnosis of condensing osteitis of the clavicle; however, patients with condensing osteitis typically report pain and tenderness.
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) disclosed slight enlargement of the medial clavicle with low signal intensity, consistent with a cystic deformity.