It was one of the Labs' most gifted researchers, Claude Shannon
, who in 1948 published one of the most influential mathematical papers of all time, "A Mathematical Theory of Communication.
Wiener's 1948 Cybernetics had a profound influence on computer, information, and social science pioneers including John von Neumann, Claude Shannon
, and Margaret Mead.
The point, then, is to accumulate not more and more data, but rather more and more information, in the Claude Shannon
sense of the word, separating signal from noise.
outlined mathematical formulas that reduced communication processes to binary code and calculated ways to send them through communications lines.
With increases in network capacity and power efficiencies close to the "Shannon limit," the theoretical limit predicted by mathematician Claude Shannon
, Turbo Codes are a revolutionary form of forward error correction, one of the fundamental building blocks of any type of digital communication.
In the 20th century, the American scientist Claude Shannon
articulated what Leibniz had intuited: A code is just a code.
Autonomy's founder and director, Mike Lynch, based his development effort on the probability theories of 17th century cleric, Thomas Bayes and the more recent information theory of Claude Shannon
, a French scientist of the 1950s.
He added, "It took me 50 years to push forward to what Claude Shannon
proposed for the U.
This system was not put into use until a graduate student from Massachusetts Institute of Technology by the name Claude Shannon
noticed that the Boolean algebra he learned was similar to an electric circuit.
Gleick also introduces the people most closely associated with each new development, including Ada Babbage (the world's first computer programmer), mathematician Alan Turing, and Claude Shannon
(the inventor of information theory).
Information became a field of study in its own right in 1948 when mathematician and engineer Claude Shannon
, "the father of Information Theory," published a groundbreaking paper outlining a mathematical theory of communication that transformed the scientific community and paved the way for the current Age of Information.
A third article by German Social theorist Niklas Luhmann is included, but the section does not offer an original statement by Claude Shannon
, the author of theories that undergird modern computers and the Internet, and Edward Throp, a mathematics professor, are accomplished academics who nevertheless made their reputations by beating the odds.