He also believed that classical architecture, and the classical orders
, used boldly and extensively in the facade of the Circus, were of Judaeo-Christian, not pagan origin.
The rest of the square, when first laid out in the 1730s, was fronted by noblemen's palaces in two grand stories with Classical orders
and mansards, though irregularly grouped and with varying plot widths.
Sebastiano Serlio's treatise, Tutte l'opere d'architettura (1537-51), marks the development of a new image-based architectural method and the first appearance of the canon of five classical orders
And although Geraghty notes that fecundity of invention is not normally associated with Wren, these drawings and the conceptions recorded here indicate an imagination, a power of assimilation, and an intrepid embrace of the great European architectural preoccupations (the legacy of classical antiquity, the syntactical expressiveness of the classical orders
, the central plan, the masonry dome, the intellectual control over detail and whole) that fed the vision of Hawksmoor and Vanbrugh before their own sublimities were frost-bitten by neo-Palladianism.
The chapter on Boris Godunov shows how the new wave of Italianisms that appeared after his election to the throne in 1598 were a deliberate attempt to unite traditional Muscovite forms with ornamental motifs and other elements from the classical orders
In its size, its attention to decorative detail, and its pictorial character, Diana's print differed quite a bit from the model-bookish profiles of the classical orders
previously in circulation [ILLUSTRATION FOR FIGURE 2 OMITTED].