Furthermore, over 100 individuals of Tucumania tapiacola Dyar were collected at 2 sites cohabiting and feeding on the same plants and cladodes
on the metabolism of human chondrocyte clutures.
Bowers (1996) determined that number of cladodes
was a good indicator of flowering and vegetative growth in the similar species O.
In the first method, the picker grabs the ripe tuna and detaches it from the cactus pad by twisting it off gently, taking care not to damage the connection point to the cladode
Within the management techniques developed by the ancient peoples of the Americas, infested cladodes
were moved from one place to another to protect the insect colonies from adverse environmental conditions (i.
were offered in thin slices to prevent moth larvae from hiding from the female parasitoid.
Cactus moth larvae feed within cactus pads, also referred to as cladodes
, which are then quickly taken over by bacterial rot and fungi, and which kill the plant (Mann 1970).
The extracts of Opuntia ficus-indica cladodes
are used in folk medicine for their antiulcer and wound-healing activities.
Reproductive plants were arbitrarily defined as those [greater than or equal to]2 m in height for mesquite and with [greater than or equal to]20 cladodes
The objective of this paper was to test terpenoids known for their repellency or toxicity to insects, such as Eugenol 99% (Across Organics, Mexico), 1,8-Cineol 99% and Menthol 99% (Sigma Aldrich, Mexico) as an alternative to prevent crawlers from establishing on non-infested cladodes
under shade house conditions.
cactorum control, utilized in South Africa and suggested for the United States, involves collecting and destroying eggs from impacted cladodes
(Zimmermann et al.
Larval damage results in hollowed out cladodes
and can lead to secondary infections and in some cases, the death of entire plants (Zimmermann et al.
cactorum had been reared with great success on excised cladodes
in field cages to support the renowned biological control projects against invasive Opuntia in Australia (Dodd 1940) and South Africa (Petty 1948).
The larvae feed gregariously inside cladodes
, often introducing secondary infections by microbial pathogens which lead to plant death (Starmer et al.
All plants' cladodes
along each transect were examined for evidence of C.