In the several case studies, partnerships took on a fundamental role: partnerships between the civil parish government and the River Crafts Group, the Calendula Cooperative and the Learning by Doing Project, to occupy and repurpose the abandoned school buildings; the partnerships between schools and other entities (local or otherwise), as is the case with project The Sound and the Village, with the participation of schools and children; partnerships between schools and the Parent Teacher Association in the Mountain Artisans' Association; and the previous existing platform engaging schools, civil parishes
and citizens' associations in which the role of ICE was and still is crucial.
Jaqmin-Gedda et al, scientists from the University of Bordeaux, France, studied hip fracture rates in 75 civil parishes
in southwestern France and found (after adjustment for multiple alternative variables) an increased risk [odds ratio] for hip fracture of 1.
Incorporated in 1934, Catholic Charities is the humanitarian arm of the Archdiocese of New Orleans, covering eight civil parishes
in Southeast Louisiana.
It also reflects the extent of the storm damage, which affected nearly a third of the church's 1,200 buildings across the eight civil parishes that comprise the archdiocese.
The plan does not address pastoral or educational ministry in the church communities in civil parishes least affected by the hurricane, namely, Jefferson, St.