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The concept of federations of free democratic city-states that unite voluntarily to evolve into political units with appropriate institutional structures was completely novel.
It will provide an understanding of the mechanisms and causes of urbanisation and state formation in central Italy, as well as the construction of identities from the individual city-state, right up to regional (ethnic) and inter-regional levels.
His elegant description of European city-states, their experiences, and their limitations is a wonderful survey of early modern Europe.
By offering support to the Seasteading Institute, Thiel has jump-started efforts to create city-state communities afloat on ocean platforms, reports the Discovery News.
Greif argues that these Genoese legal innovations made the rising city-state integral to commerce.
Only the threat of mutual annihilation convinced the two rival city-states to work together.
Conquering the surrounding city-states, Hammurabi creates the first kingdom of Babylonia.
In contrast, some anthropologists regard Dos Pilas as having been one of many comparably powerful city-states.
What makes these unnecessary difficulties so maddening is that The Italian City-State is also a rewarding and even an exciting book that seeks to explain the roots, peculiar features, generative forces, and inherent constraints of the civilization of medieval Italian city-states.
He apparently does not realize that these two points are mutually exclusive: Ruschenbusch arrived at his enormous figure for the total number of Greek city-states by including hundreds of towns in areas like Phokis, Aitolia, Thessaly, etc.
As city-states enlarged their boundaries and grew more populous, their territories were bound to run into each other and their interdependence to grow.
The core argument of this fascinating study is that city-states in the late medieval and early modern periods typically had readier access to credit than did territorial states and that their relative success can be attributed primarily to their compact size and the presence of representative assemblies in which a merchant oligarchy was dominant.
explores the shifting fortunes of Mediterranean city-states and empires through patterns of long-term economic and ecological change, narrating from the point of view of the mercantile republics that played a key role as empire- building city-states.
Exploring feudal revolution, ecclesiastical reform, and state building, as well as offering a direct challenge to conclusions that overemphasize the secular nature of Italian city-states by pointing out how ecclesiastical institutions influenced the political and religious culture of communes, Lordship, Reform, and the Development of Civil Society in Medieval Italy is a superb addition to college library, Middle Ages studies and World History shelves.
The resulting form of government, a federal or compound republic, conferred many layers of institutional strength that previous republics, from ancient Rome to the medieval Italian city-states, did not possess.
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