Like the ancient Greek city states
, Rome provided for deliberation and even the enactment of laws by the masses in popular assemblies.
The city republic had, in fact, often concluded treaties with neighboring Italian city states
-- frequently including Bologna, Pisa, Lucca, and Siena -- to secure itself and its neighbors from various threats to liberty.
Indeed, this city has better geographical advantages, inward-investment potentials and globally-recognised facilities than some of the other flourishing city states
dotted around the world.
Imagine, therefore, the fear that the much smaller and outnumbered city states
of Greece felt as this massive army bore down upon them.
The chapter on city states
in the Hellenistic and Roman eras has been expanded.