Both aqueous and 70% acetone extracts of the red marine algae Chondrus crispus
and Palmaria palmata at 5 mg mL'1 showed FIC values ranging from 30 to 95% (Wang et al.
Open-water aquaculture of the red alga Chondrus crispus
in Prince Edward Island, Canada.
Here the releve 78 is selected from from that source as the holotype: France, Bretagne, eu- to infralittoral, growing on rock exposed to strong wave action (cover scale: + to 5): Himanthalia elongata 4, Corallina elongata 3, Mastocarpus stellatus 3, Osmundea pinnatifida 2, Alaria esculenta 1, Bifurcaria bifurcata 1, Boergeseniella thuyoides 1, Chondrus crispus
1, Chylocladia verticillata 1, Laminaria digitata 1, Cladophora rupestris +, Codium tomentosum +, Lomentaria articulata +, Lomentaria clavellosa +, Polysiphonia stricta +.
angusta and Chondrus crispus
in these aspects (Table 1).
While toxicological data on hexose oxidase from Chondrus crispus
expressed in Hansenula polymorphia and lutein from Tagetes erecta L.
A summary follows of the Committee's evaluations of toxicological and intake data on various specific food additives (benzoyl peroxide, a-cyclodextrin, hexose oxidase, from Chondrus crispus
expressed in Hansenula polymorpha, lutein from Tagetes erecta L.
On many rocky shores on both sides of the north Atlantic Ocean two clonal red seaweeds, Chondrus crispus
Stackhouse and Mastocarpus stellatus Stack.
Another natural compound found to stimulate the activity of keratinocytes (that improve cell growth) and to counteract the destructive forces of oxidation is Chondrus crispus
, a seaweed that grows in the Atlantic Ocean.
This idea is consistent with the results of Dudgeon and Johnson (1992), who reported that in order for Chondrus crispus
and Mastocarpus stellatus to continue to grow and survive in the same flow environment they must increase their mechanical strength, the cross sectional area of the stipe, or both, to withstand drag forces.
, or Irish Moss, is an important source of mixed amino acids, magnesium, and sulfur.
By grazing ephemeral filamentous algae, periwinkles facilitate colonization of larger fleshy macroalgae, such as fucoids and Chondrus crispus
(Lubchenco 1980, Lubchenco 1983, Scheibling et al.
One is a special extract of Chondrus crispus
, a red seaweed found only in the cold waters off the Atlantic coast.
An indication that MAMPs may also be perceived by red macroalgae comes from a study of Chondrus crispus
and its endophytic algal pathogen Acrochaete operculata (Bouarab et al.
Although clumping reduces drag in the related alga Chondrus crispus
(Johnson, 2001), Carrington (1990) found only mild drag-reducing interactions between groups of up to six closely packed thalli of M.
Guiry and Chondrus crispus
Stackhouse are morphologically similar red macroalgae that occupy the lower rocky intertidal zone of exposed regions of the northern Atlantic coast.