The third important historical fact I would like to inform Sudanese on both sides of the two republics is that the Twic Dinka of Ajak Kuac, was carved out from Ngok Dinka land aka Abyei area and annexed to Twic Chiefdoms
by the British authorities in response to Uncle Bona Malual father Sultan Madut Ring request for reasons beyond this narrative.
Xhosa leaders exhorted their countrymen to cease raiding from the British and British-allied chiefdoms
, recognizing that such actions were viewed as illicit and aggressive, and would provoke retaliation (Peires 1981: 61-3, 81).
3 (1990): 676-69; Gallivan, James River Chiefdoms
The two most important symbols of authority and culture in African chiefdoms
and kingdoms are the royal stool and the cup.
This paper aims to investigate the evolution of stratified chiefdoms
in the Leeward Society Islands, French Polynesia, using archaeological data of marae chronology.
Because the Lucayas were part of the Taino chiefdoms
' sphere of influence through marriage alliances, and because these alliances were integral in maintaining these chiefdoms
, Caonabo could have easily been a Lucayan who arrived as an "adult stranger" to succeed an uncle as a major cacique of Hispaniola.
This article provides a critical discussion of new archaeological evidence from the Santarem region of the lower Amazon, reopening the debate on the emergence of late pre-colonial chiefdoms
from a wider perspective.
Men already identified as chiefs or paramounts represented to the state their claims to rule over their respective chiefdoms
He represents the community at chiefdom
level ( Sierra Leone is split into hundreds of chiefdoms
( and is at the vanguard of mobilising the community after its return since the war and its accompanying terror.
It is an assortment of motley republics and seedy chiefdoms
So far, the most attention has been paid to "complex chiefdoms
," but in this essay the author draws attention to the other end of the scale, the small-scale sedentary societies with populations running into the hundreds rather than the thousands, looking specifically at why some have hereditary stratification and others do not.
Raiding, Trading, and Feasting: The Political Economy of Philippine Chiefdoms
and states emerge, though, and villages lose their autonomy, a higher rate of structural elaboration may be required to keep these larger societies unified.
Knights of Spain, Warriors of the Sun: Hernando de Soto and the South's Ancient Chiefdoms
, by Charles Hudson.
Although he argues that there is little evidence with which to reconstruct the central organization of the reign of Saul, he has sufficient confidence in the historical veracity of the text to suggest that Ishbaal and Saul presided over regional chiefdoms