Astronomy is good for getting young people interested in science and encouraging the public to understand science,'' said Charles Townes
, a UC Berkeley professor and Nobel laureate who directs an observatory interferometer used to measure stars.
1951 Charles Townes
describes how ammonia gas can emit radio waves, laying the theoretical groundwork for the maser (the microwave version of the laser).
Torrance, Charles Townes
, John Walton, Bruce Waltke, Jennifer Wiseman .
Carter followed up his comments by pointing to another article in New Scientist that quoted Nobel prize winner Charles Townes
as saying there was no way of knowing how red giants behave at the end of their life cycle.
The book describes how, over three years, teams led by physicist Charles Townes
(inventor of the maser, the laser's microwave predecessor) and doctoral student Gordon Gould sought to be the first to extend the physical principles used in the maser to the realm of light amplification, only to be beaten out by Ted Maiman, a little known physicist from California, inventor of a small device that was the first working ruby laser.
This theory was put to the test in 1953 by US Physicist Charles Townes
who developed a 'Maser' (Microwave amplification by stimulated emission of radiation).
Building on the maser, the microwave version of Einstein's idea, Maiman demonstrated that light could mimic the sharp beam of microwaves developed a few years earlier by Charles Townes
(see Page 36) and others.
In addition to the Nobel Prize (1964), Charles Townes
was recently awarded the prestigious Templeton Prize for his unique contributions to religion.
A group led by Charles Townes
of the University of California at Berkeley speculates that the object has a large mass, which is typical of a black hole.
AT&T Bell Laboratories, where the original laser was invented in 1958 by Arthur Shawlow and Charles Townes
, is renowned for its work in lasers.