Voltaire's description of the election and coronation of Charles IV
of Luxembourg seems more of a comment on the state of affairs on the eve of the Seven Years War than a chronicle of mid-fourteenth-century events.
2) The Blind King John of Luxembourg and his son, the Holy Roman Emperor Charles IV
of Bohemia, fought in Italy, hoping to restore papacy and to unite Christendom.
His detailed study is situated within a multitude of historical events that erupted during the sixteenth, seventeenth, and eighteenth centuries; for example, the Church's dogmatic response to the Reformation, Europe's Seven Years War, the Haitian Revolution, and the military and economic reforms of the Bourbon monarch of Charles IV
99) JECKS' medieval heroes, Sir Baldwin de Furnshill and his friend Simon Puttock, are transposed from the Dartmoor they know so well to the alien surroundings of France in 1325, to escort and help protect Isabella, Queen of England, on her mission to Paris to seek King Edward II's reconciliation and peace with King Charles IV
of France, her brother.
Charles II (the Bald) was followed by Charles III (the Fat; he had a talkative brother called Chewin) Charles IV
(the Fair, with a difficult adolescent sister Charlene the So Unfair), Charles V (the Wise) and Charles VI (the Mad or Well-Beloved, take your pick).
This was when King Charles IV
was on the throne (1346-1378) - he was also King of Bohemia, and Holy Roman Emperor.
LEGEND has it that King Charles IV
, for whom it was supposedly built in 1410, was so pleased with his new toy he had creator Mikulas of Kadan's eyes gouged out so it could never be bettered.
In the third quarter of the 9th century (863--885), Byzantine influence and a liturgy in the Slav language reached Greater Moravia for what was to be a short period through the mission of Constantine and Methodius (It is interesting that in the 14th century Charles IV
tried to revive the eastern liturgy in Old Slavonic not just by donation to the Sazava Monastery but also by founding the Monastery "Na Slovanech"--"At the Slavs" in Prague.
This masterful canvas was painted when Goya was at the height of his career, six years after he was appointed court painter to King Charles IV
, and the year he was named director of the illustrious Academy of San Fernando in Madrid.
The artist-patron relationship has yielded plenty of great art over the centuries, from Michelangelo's over-the-top Moses on the tomb of Pope Julius II to Velazquez's dutiful Las Meninas and Goya's sneering The Family of Charles IV
Although his work was collected by other artists of note, the publication itself was a financial disaster and Goya was saved only because King Charles IV
purchased the plates and more than 200 of the volumes so Goya's costs and reputation could be salvaged.
Although Holy Roman Emperor Charles IV
laid the foundation stone in 1344, it was only completed in 1929.
Charlemagne, not Charles IV
, "create[d] counts palatine" (574); Charles IV
was responsible for allowing them to grant degrees.
Luke, which was removed by Emperor Charles IV
in 1354 and taken to Prague.
Ormrod, on York and London as competing capitals in the fourteenth century; Paul Crossley, on the architecture of Charles IV
of Bohemia; Peter Rycraft, on the court and the regions in late medieval Catalonia; Anne Curry, on the English soldier in Lancastrian Normandy; and Colin Richmond, on the Pastons and London.