It is his engraved image that we see when we turn the title page of El Sol en el Medio Dia, and it his framed picture, and not that of Philip V, Ferdinand VI, Charles III or Charles IV
, that now decorates my study.
What Henry VII, also known as "alto Arrigo" in Paradiso XXX 137, was to Dante's dream of a universal monarchy, Charles IV
was to Petrarch's analogous aspiration.
But in Chapters 68-70 Charles IV
appears at the close of a process in which the popes attempted to wrest Italy from the Empire.
2) The Blind King John of Luxembourg and his son, the Holy Roman Emperor Charles IV
of Bohemia, fought in Italy, hoping to restore papacy and to unite Christendom.
As a metropolis of culture, Prague is connected with prominent names in art, science, and politics, such as Charles IV
, Petr Parlef, Jan Hus, Johannes Kepler, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Franz Kafka, Antonin Dvofak, Albert Einstein, Edvard Benes (co-founder of the League of Nations), and Vaclav Havel.
We focus our visit on the legacy of Charles IV
, the father of the Czech nation.
Yet it was the political gains over the Catholic Church made by Philip V (1700-1746) and Ferdinand VI (1746-1759) that enabled the government ministers under Charles III and later Charles IV
to consolidate power and enact far-reaching reforms of Spanish Catholicism, specifically, through the formation of a secular and regular clergy subservient to the crown before the papacy.
A quite different type of witch-hunting occurred slightly later in Lortaine's histoty with a series of politically motivated exorcisms of court figures and secret witch-trials in the later years of the reign of Charles III, Henri II, and Charles IV
His detailed study is situated within a multitude of historical events that erupted during the sixteenth, seventeenth, and eighteenth centuries; for example, the Church's dogmatic response to the Reformation, Europe's Seven Years War, the Haitian Revolution, and the military and economic reforms of the Bourbon monarch of Charles IV
Sent to Paris in 1325 on a mission to her brother, Charles IV
of France, she craftily succeeded in getting her eldest son, Prince Edward, sent to join her in France and the stage was set for a successful coup in 1327 in which Edward II was deposed and replaced by his son, while England was run by Isabella and Mortimer.
Charles II (the Bald) was followed by Charles III (the Fat; he had a talkative brother called Chewin) Charles IV
(the Fair, with a difficult adolescent sister Charlene the So Unfair), Charles V (the Wise) and Charles VI (the Mad or Well-Beloved, take your pick).
This was when King Charles IV
was on the throne (1346-1378) - he was also King of Bohemia, and Holy Roman Emperor.
LEGEND has it that King Charles IV
, for whom it was supposedly built in 1410, was so pleased with his new toy he had creator Mikulas of Kadan's eyes gouged out so it could never be bettered.
In the third quarter of the 9th century (863--885), Byzantine influence and a liturgy in the Slav language reached Greater Moravia for what was to be a short period through the mission of Constantine and Methodius (It is interesting that in the 14th century Charles IV
tried to revive the eastern liturgy in Old Slavonic not just by donation to the Sazava Monastery but also by founding the Monastery "Na Slovanech"--"At the Slavs" in Prague.
This masterful canvas was painted when Goya was at the height of his career, six years after he was appointed court painter to King Charles IV
, and the year he was named director of the illustrious Academy of San Fernando in Madrid.