French utopian socialist and philosopher Charles Fourier
is credited by scholars with having originated the word feminism in 1837.
Before beginning to write poetry and make art, he trained as an economist at UCLA and became interested in Charles Fourier
, the nineteenth-century utopian-socialist philosopher who, in opposition to Smith and well before Marx and Freud, imagined radically new socioeconomic structures in his search for universal harmony.
For instance, his 2003 tour de force Happiness (finally) after 35,000 Years of Civilization, an 18-minute digital projection on a handmade paper screen, brought to life outsider artist Henry Darger's drawings by setting them on the ideas of nineteenth-century French utopian socialist philosopher Charles Fourier
Kendrick reviews the long history of utopianism and its advocates with special emphasis on the writings that appeared during the Renaissance and the nineteenth century--from Thomas More to Charles Fourier
and William Morris.
Joshua Corey writes a poetic series based upon the psychosocial permutations imagined by the utopian thinker Charles Fourier
Davenport summons and rechannels dormant energies released by his archival subjects--the Vorticist art of Henri Gaudier-Brzeska, the discovery of the Aurignacian cave paintings at Lascaux, and the utopian project of Charles Fourier
Political scientists may sneer at the French socialist Charles Fourier
, in whose utopia the planets copulate and the oceans turn to lemonade, but the surrealists loved him.
Arguing that the radical utopian thinker Charles Fourier
was the writer who provoked both Emerson and Fuller into "subversive" thinking, Zwarg attempts to "recover" Fourier's presence in their works as well as interpret their various and complicated responses.
It is a densely written work, inspired by Charles Fourier
and the Marquis de Sade, about a dystopic world in which complete freedom and sexual permissiveness deteriorate into chaotic cruelty and erotic violence.
His negative appraisal of civilization echoes the work of that wonderful surrealistic social prophet Charles Fourier
, whom Gilk does not mention in his book.
During the course of the next thirty years, reformers like Robert Owen and Charles Fourier
were making inroads into the consciousness of workers, aided by newspaper editors such as George Henry Evans and, later, William Lloyd Garrison.
He eschewed religion (which, he once claimed, "has yet to put down even a tentative root in my soul"), yet often explained artistic creation in spiritual terms; he was the most serious of thinkers, yet was capable of describing seriousness as "ultimately dull and probably inhuman"; he cherished civilization, but found much to admire in the theories of Charles Fourier
, "who thought civilization a mistake.