Charcot


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Synonyms for Charcot

French neurologist who tried to use hypnotism to cure hysteria (1825-1893)

References in periodicals archive ?
The Salpetriere hysterics were coerced to pose for Charcot or face exile to the general asylum, where conditions were significantly harsher, while for performers such as Apple, who are deemed "unstable" by the court of popular opinion (as hostilely misogynist as that is), the conditions under which they acquiesce--or don't--to the use of their likenesses are far more ambiguous.
A forty-year-old woman with history of type I diabetes mellitus complicated with diabetic neuropathy and Charcot disease of her right foot is referred from her general practitioner with right knee pain without history of trauma.
Charcot Marie Tooth 1 (HMSN type I according to Dyck's classification), comprises the group of demyelinating peripheral neuropathies and CMT2 (HMSN type II) comprises the axonal peripheral neuropathies (3).
Charcot practiced at the Salpetriere hospital in Paris, which at the time was an asylum for insane women.
It is astonishing to consider that most hysterogenic zones identified by Charcot below the clavicle, in the submammary region, at the bottom of the rib cage, across the anterior surface of the body trunk, and between the shoulder blades, largely correspond to fibromyalgia's tender points, localized areas of tenderness on palpation which, in patients with at least a three-month history of diffuse musculoskeletal pain, represent diagnostic standard for fibromyalgia.
And Augustine used her histrionic skills, finally, after the masterful execution of many poses, after at least seventeen snaps of the shutter, to "put an end to her existence as a 'case,' " to dress up as a man and walk out of Charcot's "living pathological museum" (Marneffe 79, Didi-Huberman 276, Charcot 3).
In this study, the author explores the spectacular culture of fin de siele Paris through the life histories of three celebrated patients--Blanche, Augustine, and Genevieve--who resided at the Salpetriere teaching hospital while it was under the direction of the famed neurologist Jean-Martin Charcot.
The complex relationship between 19th-century neurologist Jean-Martin Charcot and one of the most famous "hysterics" he treated is charted with intelligent nuance in "Augustine," an impressive debut for Gallic writer-helmer Alice Winocour.
Jean-Martin Charcot reported improvements in his patients, but he died shortly thereafter and a more complete evaluation of the therapy was never conducted.
Meticulously documented and beautifully illustrated, Hustvedt's book showcases the lives of three women--"Blanche," "Augustine," and "Genevieve"--who in the 1870s ended up at the Salpetriere hospital in the care of Jean-Marie Charcot.
Discovered in 1886 by three physicians, Jean-Martin Charcot, Pierre Marie, and Howard Henry Tooth (Charcot & Marie, 1886; Tooth, 1886), CMT affects an estimated 2.
William James in the United States, Frederic Myers in England, and Jean-Martin Charcot in France were leaders in the field, familiar with one another's work.
Jean-Martin Charcot (1825-1893) "perhaps remains the most famous and celebrated neurologist in the world and "his Salpetriere school has become the symbol of the early development and rise of neurological practice and research in the 20th century," according to the editor of this work, which contains 14 chapters detailing the work of Charcot and his students with special attention to previously unknown chapters on early developments in neurology, as well as Charcot's less-recognized role in the early history of academic and scientific psychiatry.
At the Salpetriere Hospital for Elderly Women, Babinski stood little chance of becoming Clinical Assistant to Jean-Martin Charcot, the appointed Professor in the Chair for diseases of the nervous system, or to succeed Pierre Marie, as he had not carried out an internship with him; but the putative candidate renounced the role, and so it happened.
In many ways it looks just like the painting, with the masterful Charcot and the hysterical Jeanne.