Habitat: Bogs and fens; often associated with Sphagnum, Chamaedaphne calyculata, and Sarracenia purpurea.
X X Dulichium arundinaceum Fuirena pumila Ceratophyllum demersum X Nuphar advena X X Nymphaea odorata X Brasenia schreberi X Sarracenia purpurea Impatiens capensis Myriophyllum exalbescens X Andromeda glaucophylla Chamaedaphne calyculata Vaccinium macrocarpon Menyanthes trifoliata Bidens sp.
Characteristic plants included Andromeda glaucophylla, Betula pumila, Carex oligosperma, Carex trisperma, Chamaedaphne calyculata, Coptis trifolia, Drosera spp.
Extremely mineral-rich fens in Indiana are characterized by a dense, low growth of Potentilla fruticosa, the fen counterpart of Chamaedaphne calyculata.
All leatherleaf bogs are characterized by a low shrub cover of Chamaedaphne calyculata.
Both representatives in this study (Blueberry and Thompson Bogs), have remnant, depauperate specimens of Chamaedaphne calyculata surviving in the few patches where shrubs have not crowded them into extinction.