Not every Chadic language
has the "ll", but the total population of speakers who regularly use "ll"s - probably a couple of million - far exceeds the number who articulate "ll" in Wales.
In terms of the overall families, the number of Cushitic and Chadic languages
has increased, while the number of Iranian and Turkic languages has decreased.
Similarly, Goemai, a Chadic language
of Nigeria, furnishes language internal evidence for the small set (postural) and multiverb types, where the former can be used presuppositionally while the latter are used assertionally as had been predicted for the two types (Hellwig 2003, this issue).
The grammatical coding of postural semantics in Goemai (a West Chadic language of Nigeria).
Different from Goemai, most Chadic languages employ verbless structures in stative locative contexts (Frajzyngier 1987; Pawlak 1994).
While Chadic languages fall within their type 0 (the verbless type), Goemai shares similarities with both type III (the postural type) and type II (the positional type).
In this regard, it is important to keep in mind that more has been published about Hausa than all of the other Chadic languages
As for Gude itself, the Chadic language under analysis, we learn rather little.
183-97) illustrates what she takes to be a single derivative morpheme in a Central Chadic language (Udlam) which apparently has a wide range of meaning nuances (instrumental, focus, subordination with different nuances) which, as she claims, is unique in Chadic.
35-54) uses data from three Chadic languages to take issue with some notions within Case Theory.
199-217) reports on experimental studies concerning question intonation contours in several Chadic languages measuring FO values.
The label "pronominal strategy" is probably less problematic for structures in Chadic languages
(Frajzyngier 2000:186 ft.
In another group of Chadic languages, including Kanakuru, Ngizim, and Tangale, the order is V--O--focus.
But Green's attempt to defend a uniform FP approach to FCs in Chadic languages also encounters problems.
Tuller (1986:106) mentions other Chadic languages, such as Kanakuru and Tera, as well as Fula (West Atlantic), More (Gur), and Zulu and Kikuyu (both Bantu).